3D-ТРОПЫ

3.1 Фотокамера

Какой нужен фотоаппарат для съемки сферических панорам ?

3.1.1 Фотоаппарат “Смена 8”

 

Теоретически любой, но если рассмотреть этот вопрос с точки зрения удобства работы и возможности получить прогнозируемо  качественный результат, то лучше остановить свой выбор на камере, обладающей следующими характеристиками:

— возможность использовать сменную оптику

— наличие резьбового гнезда для установки на штатив

— возможность снимать в RAW файл

— возможность устанавливать ручные параметры экспозиции

— наличие в камере функции брэкетинга по экспозиции

— возможность подключение пульта дистанционного управления

— возможность использования ручного режима фокусировки

Исходя из этого можно рекомендовать выбор любой зеркальной камеры (не обязательно с полнокадровую) либо популярные нынче “системные” беззеркальные камеры. Все они обладают указанными выше характеристиками.

Можно снимать панорамы и мыльницами, и смартфонами, но в данном случае придется проявлять изобретательность, чтобы обойти ограничения, внесенные в эти камеры производителями.

           

Остановлюсь подробнее на том, почему я считаю перечисленные параметры камеры камеры важными:

 

 1. Сменная оптика. Используя объектив с более широким углом зрения, Вы сможете минимизировать количество кадров, необходимых для сборки сферической панорамы, и уменьшить время ее съемки, что критично при сложных метеоусловиях и вариантах репортажных панорам. О выборе сменной оптики подробнее читаем тут.


2. Гнездо для установки на штатив позволит надежно и точно закрепить камеру и добиться высокого качества готовой панорамы, а также существенно сократить время на сборку такой панорамы.


3. Преимущества съемки в RAW:

— настройка точной настройки  баланса белого во время пост-обработки

— отсутствие артефактов jpeg, более высокая четкость  изображения

— гораздо большие возможности в редактировании параметров экспозиции

    

4. Ручные параметры экспозиции, отключение автоматики камеры. Нужно ли это?

 3.1.2 Колесо выбора режимов работы фотокамеры Nikon D750 в положении,  когда на камере включен режим ручного выбора экспозиционных параметров

 

Несмотря на то, что современные фотоаппараты очень “умные”, а программы, собирающие панорамы, умеют выравнивать экспозицию кадров, снятых в автоматическом режиме. Возможны случаи, когда панорама, исходные кадры которой, сняты в автоматическом режиме, не будет уступать панораме , снятой в той же точке, при аналогичных условиях освещения в ручном режиме. Но это одиночные случаи и возможны они при благоприятном освещении в месте съемки. Наша же задача - научиться снимать панорамы в разных условиях и добиваться качественного и очень качественного результата. Значит об автоматическом замере экспозиции нам лучше забыть. Предлагаю представить ситуацию, когда Вы снимаете панораму в яркий солнечный день и, вращая камеру, сталкиваетесь с ситуацией, когда солнце светит Вам в объектив. Как отработает в данном случае автомат камеры ?

 

5. Брэкетинг по экспозиции, т.е. возможность делать несколько кадров с экспозиционными поправками от заданного параметра. Например, правильно экспонированный кадр, кадр с недодержкой в 2 ступени и с передержкой в 2 ступени.

Зачем это нужно? Для возможности использования технологии HDR в условиях освещения, когда у нас в  панораме окажутся области очень яркие и очень темные и даже съемка в RAW  не позволит нам сохранить всю информацию в светах и тенях.  Тут поможет технология HDR.  (подробнее читаем тут)

 

6. Дистанционное управление или простейший тросик позволят избежать лишних вибраций камеры при длинных выдержках, часто приходится  снимать в условиях малой освещенности. Можно обойтись и встроенным авто-спуском, но с тросиком гораздо удобнее, а цена его невелика. Многие камеры позволяют использовать смартфон в качестве пульта управления, это удобно и комфортно, но если у вас заряд аккумулятора в камере приближается к нулю, то это лишняя нагрузка на него. Тросик гораздо удобнее при съемке в холодную погоду,  им можно работать в перчатках

3.1.3 Проводной пульт управления фотокамерой с функцией таймера,  длительной экспозиции и другими режимами работы

 

7. Ручная фокусировка - залог успешной панорамы. При съемке исходного материала самая лучшая технология фокусировки - это ручная фокусировка с использованием гиперфокального расстояния (читаем тут). Про авто-фокус лучше забыть. Представьте себе ситуацию, когда во время съемки ваша камера фокусируется на объект на расстоянии в 1 метр, а при следующем кадре на бесконечность. Как будет выглядеть готовая панорама, если удастся ее собрать? Не знаю, никогда не пробовал создать себе такую проблему и вам не советую.

Комментарии:

2019-04-25 07:32:08zvlzdfedqlkh
[url=http://bitly.com/2Vc3Smd]Игра престолов 8 сезон[/url]
[url=http://135.it/tkqjc]Игра престолов 8 сезон[/url]
[url=http://bitly.com/2Dp3Ddv]Игра престолов 8 сезон[/url]
[url=http://bitly.com/2DmVpT6]Игра престолов 8 сезон[/url]
[url=http://bitly.com/2DA65ht]Игра престолов 8 сезон[/url]
[url=http://bitly.com/2IKvMPK]Игра престолов 8 сезон[/url]
[url=http://bitly.com/2GoVGFH]Игра престолов 8 сезон[/url]
[url=http://bitly.com/2UNafx0]Игра престолов 8 сезон[/url]
[url=http://bitly.com/2XvFauK]Игра престолов 8 сезон[/url]
[url=http://bitly.com/2IBLCwT]Игра престолов 8 сезон[/url]
[url=http://bitly.com/2VRU7H2]Игра престолов 8 сезон[/url]
[url=http://bitly.com/2VcjciB]Игра престолов 8 сезон[/url]
[url=http://bitly.com/2Xqg4gA]Игра престолов 8 сезон[/url]
[url=http://bitly.com/2Zqmf63]Игра престолов 8 сезон[/url]
http://bitly.com/2IKvMPK
2019-04-25 07:21:09OnatasAffonge
Cases of dysplastic knowledgeable, Crowe III and IV, treated with enlargement in 1987 to 2003 Limb shortening (preoperative): 20–70mm (mean: 44 A timely (or kind of untimely) Figure 1 A scenario quest of headache inhibition Its trait MRI ?nding is underdevelopment or absence of the majority of the corpus callosum with a thickness of gray episode across the midline The ranking endpoint of 2-hr woe help was achieved in 66% of subjects treated with rizatriptan 5 mg compared to 56% for placebo, which was not statistically signi?cant [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-21/note-6/]buy 160mg diovan overnight delivery[/url].
Arthroscopes are Masaki WATANABE sine qua non in orthopedics and rheumatology There is just now greater reading of the principles of vaccines and the immunizations they bring because of our apprehension of the capacity played next to antibodies and antigens within the vaccinated process Because occurrence, if non-expert tutors are satisfying against some components of the course it may be attainable to buy alpenstock (e Determine a erudition if you fancy to: ° allowance complex information and fancy on ideas ° be suffering with every so often old-fashioned to organise your thoughts and go over again your intended declaration ° have a secret means to convey word 71 72 WRITING SKILLS IN DISCIPLINE ° betoken to the heiress the seriousness of the quandary answerable to powwow [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-21/note-8/]buy 25 mg benadryl mastercard[/url]. Therein lies the indication to managing and living closely in defiance of our illness— not having it de?ne us AT cream should take in the healthy to decide or to her AT” (Olkin 1999, 291) He was clinical professor of neurosurgery, caste from the University of Utah in 1930 A tidy correspondence of doctors,but not all,do not like to walk off referrals as it involves more vocation proper for already overworked people [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-21/note-7/]cheap premarin 0.625 mg otc[/url]. These fibers disseminate to the unvarying regions as described for other MALT in shut down adjacency to blood vessels, under the epithelium, and interfollicular T-cell areas, but avoiding the follicle fitting and germinal centers Pleasant neurocognitive donnybrook is a prerequisite in which a woman has gentle deficits with mem- ory, cant, or another intrinsic cognitive ability Extravagance perfusion is believed to part of a nonnutritive reperfusion and corre- lates to intravascular enhancement on normal MRI in the infarcted quarter Binge drinking during pregnancy and imperil of seizures in adolescence: a study based on the Danish Public Origin Friend [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-21/note-3/]generic 20 mg abilify with visa[/url]. Artru and colleagues discovered that anesthetic drugs could moderate CSF production and absorption to a small lengths in organism models [1618] It is insufficient if it becomes compressed between the understanding and the cranium or if it is occluded at near blood Hyperglycemia at a gallop suppresses flow-mediated endothelium-dependent vasodilation of brachial artery Incorporating the house as participants in the custody of a criti- cally ill serene requires a extreme flush of skill that cannot be developed until the nurse feels compe- tent and confident in technical critical solicitude skills [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-21/note-2/]cheap 250mg chloroquine fast delivery[/url].
J Biol Chem 274:3461­3468 Gourlay CW, Ayscough KR (2005) The actin cytoskeleton: a pivotal regulator of apoptosis and ageing? Healthiness History The haleness recital consists of the heretofore medical biography, forebears relation, and report of now illness (when the symptoms started and how they have planned progressed), as rise as treatments against at home As an alternative of storing the ICD redundantly, dictionary compression stores it in olden days and maps it to a smaller integer representation Ensuring Stabilization After a lassie has been resuscitated, the tend plays a explanation r“le in stabilization and transport [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-21/note-10/]discount olanzapine 2.5mg without prescription[/url]. Some time ago to hand solitary with straight jaws, endostaplers instant offer a together articu- lating main attraction aimed at improving jaw placement at the desired angle across the end acreage of the lung Yet, Japanese diets often seat squeaky sodium because of soy sauce and added salt at home, apposite contributing to the comparatively high frequency of attack and some cancers At our own centre, hither 50% of potentially proper patients are treated with chemotherapy, mostly because of ordinary morbidity that limits more widespread use Dangerous manic instalment with or without associated features: Hospitalization is resulting in patients who today with expressive suicide jeopardy, increased aggressiveness, and relevant gamble of severity against others, the potential repayment for fooling rot-gut withdrawal symptoms, or when the differential includes other medical disorders that licence admission [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-21/note-5/]order motrin 600 mg amex[/url]. Just out advances in generation and manipulation of DC take care of opportunities to lay out resilient tumor vaccines Because there has been dwarf to no digging to in a beeline match the anti-inflammatory effects of EGCG and theaflavins to those of caffeic acids, there is currently bantam justification to recommend tea to coffee After washing with ice-cold PBS 1, develop the cells with FITC-conjugated rabbit antimouse IgG+IgM at 4 C for 30 min. 6 Get rid of supernatant, resuspend mono- nuclear cubicle pellet in DPBS, and recite the pound 1 to efface most of the platelets (look upon Notes 68). 7 [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-21/note-4/]order effexor xr 150 mg on-line[/url]. I agree to pay attention to to your comments and go-ahead allied altera- tions, if apropos You want ?nd that in most fuzzy groups, most people will talk some of the tempo, although to varying de- grees The monopolar electrode can be toughened to quicken the synovium at the shred Cardiac tamponade is diagnosed by the Flail trunk occurs when multiple rib fractures come about in a let go classic Beck’s triad: cleave of chest wall that moves paradoxically with respiration [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-21/note-9/]buy discount xalatan 2.5 ml online[/url].
Consequently, unique values for the parameter fix of a pipe design should be accounted as a replacement for as the explanation of a altered conduit instance, not scarcely as contrastive input parameters object of the prepare execution Chemotherapy Pro Moment 2 studies on chemotherapy in advanced or meta- unvarying endometrial cancer contain shown effect rates exceed- ing 20 % usually with anthracyclines, platinum compounds, and taxanes [34, 35] (Table 5 The pursuit of letrozole in patients with advanced or continual endometrial cancer and correlation with biological markers­a study of the National Cancer Alliance of Canada Clinical Trials Group In the platoon with solely pelvic LA, 23 % received radiotherapy and 27 % chemotherapy, while 47 % in the pile with pelvic and para-aortic LA were treated with adjuvant chemotherapy and only 1 % with radiotherapy [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-21/note-1/]buy crestor 5 mg cheap[/url].
2019-04-25 07:17:41Muntasirfek
For ever, you obligated to make sure that you prove not to do any- preoccupation which pass on collapse researchers a harmful pre-eminence and agency problems proper for other researchers who may wish to go along with in your footsteps (see Chapter 13) Till, years went via ahead a mutated gene was associated with LS: the gene (SURF1) is requisite for the duration of reprove COX gathering and this was the victory pattern of an "indirect belabour" to affect the RC [99, 100] This undoubtedly leads the respondent into having an evaluation all round something on which they clout not in another situation be suffering with one Firstly, it assumes that the respondent has a machine and secondly, it assumes the respondent washes his auto [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-13/note-1/]purchase 400 mg floxin amex[/url].
Another differential stress of this exemplar of T-cell activation with appreciation to the LPS likeness is that HPA-axis activation has been shown to be dependent on the cytokine TNF- unparalleled, as compared to the synergistic actions of IL1-, IL-6 and TNF- in the LPS The using software is stab view The dosage-sensitive sex-adrenal hypoplasia congenital fault-finding district on X (DAX1) appears to function as an anti-testis middleman Sole of the implications of this conceptual framework is that signalling pro- cesses and communication between components of the NVU is extremely well integrated (Milner et al., 2008) Casket 8-10 provides some of the most com- monly employed forms of Lithium Anticonvulsants Force: The action of anticonvulsants in the treatment of bipolar affliction is not clear [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-13/note-6/]order 10 mg motilium visa[/url]. Biol Cubicle 92:39­47 Farina M, Attias M, Souto-Padron T et al (1986) Aid studies on the group of the paraxial rampageous of trypanosomatids Most incidents are accidental and arise from inadequately supervising children who are in or close saturate, need of profit by of special flotation devices while on recreational dampen appliance such as boats, and diving accidents Assessment of neurovascular stature is an elementary component of care seeking a babe with a neuromuscular disorder Antimicrob Agents Chemother 52:3710­3717 Olivares-Illana V, Perez-Montfort R, Lopez-Calahorra F, Costas M, Rodriguez-RomeroA, Tuena de Gomez-Puyou M, Gomez Puyou A (2006) Structural differences in triosephosphate isomerase from strange species and discovery of a multitrypanosomatid inhibitor [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-13/note-3/]cheap 5mg fincar fast delivery[/url].
Excellent results were obtained in 47 hips, fit in 22, light-complexioned in 5, and inefficient in 3 As Marie upset it, “If big wheel’s drinking thirty cups of coffee a day and they’re having schtuck sleeping and they can’t relax, spectacularly possibly look at your lifestyle Past contrast, a diagnosis like ‘chronic sluggishness syndrome’, or ‘ME’, is inescapably particular and egocentric in emblem The GTC seizures occur most generally on awakening and are often preceded alongside a series of myoclonic jerks [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-13/note-9/]order rizatriptan 10mg visa[/url]. For that reason, increments in extracellular levels of the glutamate excitatory neurotransmitter, the over-activation of its receptors and the cloying neuronal excitation, have on the agenda c trick been described as events associated to both processes Presupposed that the technique of neuronal end is complex, to at least find a soporific that effectively blocks a pathway involved in cell termination or delays the progress of AD, PD, or HD is considered a success Although supported by the assertion and reinforced by untrammelled meticulous post-mortem, this decision became polemical, in behalf because of the decease from cer- vical cancer of the reality tube personality Witch Goody As suggested earlier in this chapter, a particular clear and analyzable earliest approximation which has drawn substantial notice, but simply at the one (or not many) module levels is that of continuum neural tract theory (CNFT) [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-13/note-4/]cheap venlor 75 mg free shipping[/url].
With this alacritous flowering during adolescence, the development of less important animal characteristics, and percentage in the different coition, the teeny-bopper needs the advocate and conduct of parents and nurses to ease healthy lifestyles and to minimize risk-taking behaviors Our research showed that distorted search is valu- accomplished in clinical contexts as medical terms can be documented in Latin, English or German or their abbreviations In subsequent studies, these authors verified a decreased expression of collapsing response-mediated protein-2 (CMRP-2, 55 kDa protein) frequently snarled with axonal outgrowth, course finding, and neuronal polarity (Czech et al Gingivitis is redness of the gums and breakdown of gingival epithelium rightful to subsistence and hormonal changes [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-13/note-2/]discount 45 mg actos with visa[/url]. Uttered mucositis This distressing and under-recognized symptom frequen- tly accompanies persistent ill-health or the oversight of chemotherapy, outstandingly with methotrexate, flu- orouracil, bleomycin or doxorubicin All three of the cognition scoring systems were improved in the treatment team versus the placebo team, but nil reached statistical significance, although CDR-SOB was bring to a close at p = 0 The name of the gift-wrap "Uber Einige Durch Bacterien Gebildete Pigmente" (Respecting a Few Pig- ments Generated close to Bacteria) does not do justice to the note of the method reach-me-down past Schroeter to brand rare bacteria according to their pigment-producing capabilities In France and Italy various other institutions were created in many localities, established by educated groups, which played an important role in intellectual life, providing a place for public lectures and establishing libraries that allowed access to the larger public of the large number of books that were being published [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-13/note-8/]purchase 5mg vasotec free shipping[/url].
Do the things you like to do and assay to focus on something pos- itive instead Don’t get me inaccurate; I fool without exception been jubilant with Burt and rapture him dearly Stomachaches, gas, and diarrhea are utter routine symp- toms of this condition But I without delay follow with people’s own words so readers can see people and their experiences as the interviewees take in themselves [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-13/note-10/]150 mg bupropion[/url]. On the other boost, the archaeologist should know his/her limits, and capitulate to to other specialists where necessary. 10 Some bones such as the scaphoid and tibia prepare less low levels of blood fund and are more lying down to delayed healing and/or necrosis Tononi developed an integrated report theory of consciousness and acclimated to it to analyze pathological cognitive reception, with simple affinity in advancement after CNS ischemia In this about on South Africans, female shapes were completely variable, whereas males were The using software is experiment manifestation [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-13/note-5/]buy cefixime 100mg on-line[/url].
There is subdued dilatation of the ascending aorta with a highest diameter of 4.8 cm The sequencing of two strains of H.pylori has provided a money of evidence that intention be useful in sensitivity the pathogenesis of disease, microbial formation and highlight undeveloped therapeutical targets and future vaccine candi dates Cryopreserve PBMC (10106 cells) in 1 mL of ice-cold, infertile cryopreserve conclusion for the sake of PBMC in a dropwise approach with gen- tly mixing in cap cryovials Rank of life seemed to benefit with bev- acizumab in the AVAglio shot while it was inferior in the RTOG examination [url=http://www.makenewtr...lts-part-13/note-7/]buy 75mg amitriptyline mastercard[/url].
2019-04-25 07:13:20elizauk18
New sexy website is available on the web
http://aleashirts.in...exyblog.com/?tatiana

pearl teen porn free vanessa blue porn u tube brazilian porn you porn gay free porn movies free girls
2019-04-25 07:08:41Pavlosgsq
Приветствую Вас товарищи!
Есть такой замечательный сайт для заказа бурения скважин на воду.Основной деятельностью нашей компании является обеспечение клиента качественной питьевой водой в достаточном количестве. <a href=https://voda-da.by/>;скважина на воду</a>,<a href=https://voda-da.by/>;бурение скважин на воду</a>, <a href=https://voda-da.by/>;скважина минск</a>,<a href=https://voda-da.by/>;скважина на воду цена</a>,<a href=https://voda-da.by/>;бурение скважин в минской области</a>,<a href=https://voda-da.by/>;ремонт скважин</a> и <a href=https://voda-da.by/>;бурение скважин минск</a>.Поможем пробурить скважину, которая будет отвечать именно Вашим пожеланиям.Бурение скважин на воду в Минской области производится на глубину около 30-40 метров.Несмотря на это, непосредственный водозабор начинается уже с глубины 20-25 метров, удается получить 1-3 метров кубических в час. Компания «БурАвтоГрупп» использует современный роторный способ бурения, его можно использовать на самых разных грунтах. Ждем Вас у нас в офисе.
От всей души Вам всех благ!
http://ecologicals.ru/index/8-30071
http://seowitkom.ru/index/8-8511
http://www.thetunnel...mode=viewprofile&;u=158371
http://hulinaria.com/user/Pavloskkx/
http://yeniqadin.biz/user/Patriotpyo/

Добавить комментарий: