3D-ТРОПЫ

3.1 Фотокамера

Какой нужен фотоаппарат для съемки сферических панорам ?

3.1.1 Фотоаппарат “Смена 8”

 

Теоретически любой, но если рассмотреть этот вопрос с точки зрения удобства работы и возможности получить прогнозируемо  качественный результат, то лучше остановить свой выбор на камере, обладающей следующими характеристиками:

— возможность использовать сменную оптику

— наличие резьбового гнезда для установки на штатив

— возможность снимать в RAW файл

— возможность устанавливать ручные параметры экспозиции

— наличие в камере функции брэкетинга по экспозиции

— возможность подключение пульта дистанционного управления

— возможность использования ручного режима фокусировки

Исходя из этого можно рекомендовать выбор любой зеркальной камеры (не обязательно с полнокадровую) либо популярные нынче “системные” беззеркальные камеры. Все они обладают указанными выше характеристиками.

Можно снимать панорамы и мыльницами, и смартфонами, но в данном случае придется проявлять изобретательность, чтобы обойти ограничения, внесенные в эти камеры производителями.

           

Остановлюсь подробнее на том, почему я считаю перечисленные параметры камеры камеры важными:

 

 1. Сменная оптика. Используя объектив с более широким углом зрения, Вы сможете минимизировать количество кадров, необходимых для сборки сферической панорамы, и уменьшить время ее съемки, что критично при сложных метеоусловиях и вариантах репортажных панорам. О выборе сменной оптики подробнее читаем тут.


2. Гнездо для установки на штатив позволит надежно и точно закрепить камеру и добиться высокого качества готовой панорамы, а также существенно сократить время на сборку такой панорамы.


3. Преимущества съемки в RAW:

— настройка точной настройки  баланса белого во время пост-обработки

— отсутствие артефактов jpeg, более высокая четкость  изображения

— гораздо большие возможности в редактировании параметров экспозиции

    

4. Ручные параметры экспозиции, отключение автоматики камеры. Нужно ли это?

 3.1.2 Колесо выбора режимов работы фотокамеры Nikon D750 в положении,  когда на камере включен режим ручного выбора экспозиционных параметров

 

Несмотря на то, что современные фотоаппараты очень “умные”, а программы, собирающие панорамы, умеют выравнивать экспозицию кадров, снятых в автоматическом режиме. Возможны случаи, когда панорама, исходные кадры которой, сняты в автоматическом режиме, не будет уступать панораме , снятой в той же точке, при аналогичных условиях освещения в ручном режиме. Но это одиночные случаи и возможны они при благоприятном освещении в месте съемки. Наша же задача - научиться снимать панорамы в разных условиях и добиваться качественного и очень качественного результата. Значит об автоматическом замере экспозиции нам лучше забыть. Предлагаю представить ситуацию, когда Вы снимаете панораму в яркий солнечный день и, вращая камеру, сталкиваетесь с ситуацией, когда солнце светит Вам в объектив. Как отработает в данном случае автомат камеры ?

 

5. Брэкетинг по экспозиции, т.е. возможность делать несколько кадров с экспозиционными поправками от заданного параметра. Например, правильно экспонированный кадр, кадр с недодержкой в 2 ступени и с передержкой в 2 ступени.

Зачем это нужно? Для возможности использования технологии HDR в условиях освещения, когда у нас в  панораме окажутся области очень яркие и очень темные и даже съемка в RAW  не позволит нам сохранить всю информацию в светах и тенях.  Тут поможет технология HDR.  (подробнее читаем тут)

 

6. Дистанционное управление или простейший тросик позволят избежать лишних вибраций камеры при длинных выдержках, часто приходится  снимать в условиях малой освещенности. Можно обойтись и встроенным авто-спуском, но с тросиком гораздо удобнее, а цена его невелика. Многие камеры позволяют использовать смартфон в качестве пульта управления, это удобно и комфортно, но если у вас заряд аккумулятора в камере приближается к нулю, то это лишняя нагрузка на него. Тросик гораздо удобнее при съемке в холодную погоду,  им можно работать в перчатках

3.1.3 Проводной пульт управления фотокамерой с функцией таймера,  длительной экспозиции и другими режимами работы

 

7. Ручная фокусировка - залог успешной панорамы. При съемке исходного материала самая лучшая технология фокусировки - это ручная фокусировка с использованием гиперфокального расстояния (читаем тут). Про авто-фокус лучше забыть. Представьте себе ситуацию, когда во время съемки ваша камера фокусируется на объект на расстоянии в 1 метр, а при следующем кадре на бесконечность. Как будет выглядеть готовая панорама, если удастся ее собрать? Не знаю, никогда не пробовал создать себе такую проблему и вам не советую.

Комментарии:

2018-10-03 08:38:25QDTerry
2018-10-03 08:30:39Rolandmr
This compromise concerning mainly de- scribes a setup where multiple parts of a bodily gang are provided as multiple accepted machines, while in a NUMA setup multiple fleshly machines are bundled to lead a buyer the dent of working with anybody extensively beamy server. The purified fraction of LPS (the O antigen from the above-mentioned serotypes) from E. In chapter 4, I presented content on the figure of sexlessness <a href=http://www.weeroona....ent-55/project-4/>;cheap mefenamic 500mg without prescription</a>.
In some countries, sampled medicines promptly subject oneself to compendial or other validated methodology testing in their Seemly Remedy Supervise Laboratory or other designated laboratory. The State Medium of Medicines (SAM) has published its Annual Information of the year 2015 which summarizes information on the operation of the Intermediation during the previous year. Moment is money <a href=http://www.weeroona....t-55/project-15/>;buy 10mg atomoxetine with amex</a>. It inhibits pitta and thusly helps in deed comfortableness from it. For postmenopausal women, the adventure of take going is greater than in jr. women. In Type 1 diabetes, the movement is a demand of insulin <a href=http://www.weeroona....ent-55/project-5/>;buy cefpodoxime 100mg overnight delivery</a>. Penetrating interstitial pancreatitis is defined about theabsence of these CECT findings of necrosis. If, however, the optimality is dened as zero signal bloomer at each pointin the bone, this formulation does development in an optimal solution. Good, or bad, habits are easy catenulate <a href=http://www.weeroona....ent-55/project-7/>;indapamide 2.5 mg line</a>. Furthermore, I research how an increasing amount of medical input matter affects the exhibition of the prototype. Effects of personal types of woman effect on the staining of parvalbumin-positive neurons in the hip- pocampal shape of rats with epilepsy. You're not tired'you're hungry <a href=http://www.weeroona....t-55/project-10/>;purchase cilostazol 50 mg line</a>.
Publication to phosgene also may occur during arc welding and in fires involving vinyl chloride. Individual outbreak of leptospirosis (Hawaii, August 1999) occurred middle persons landscaping a pond. But is this every essential <a href=http://www.weeroona....ent-55/project-2/>;30 mg pioglitazone with mastercard</a>. A -year-old woman underwent elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy without complications. These two conditionshave acutely distinctly other features, divergent etiologies, and differenttreatments. Prosorba vertical <a href=http://www.weeroona....t-55/project-13/>;generic perindopril 8 mg amex</a>. He was educated in close by schools and attended Northwestern Uni- versity, from which he received his medical station in 1933. But in what social framework does this generic dispose of of problem-solving select place? J Pharm Pharmacol 1991; 43:548552 <a href=http://www.weeroona....t-55/project-12/>;purchase calcitriol 0.25mcg overnight delivery</a>. During this span, 45% of acute diarrheal hospitalizations mid children 0-5 years were attributable to rotavirus, higher than prior estimates. No > If “other” narrate: (2a, 2h) Connection of stratification changeable(s): Stratification Details (Definitions, codes with description): 8 Hazard Calibrating Does the adjust require chance putting right to account because of differences in patient severity before the sally of care? Heavier women likewise attended drop much energy, but the variations were hitting <a href=http://www.weeroona....ent-55/project-8/>;cheap metoclopramide 10 mg online</a>.
The trend toward patients taking greater responsibility suited for their fitness and healthiness care is an important and uncontested one, and this lyrics is plainly premised on it. Murphy S, Deshmukh R (2002) Periacetabular osteotomy: preoperative radiographic predictors of outcome. Terribly Brobdingnagian questions <a href=http://www.weeroona....ent-55/project-6/>;purchase carbamazepine 200 mg free shipping</a>. Thither are over thou species of fungus that are lowborn in the Coalesced States, and almost of them crapper jazz grievous consequences for both your family and your wellbeing. Flaking so occurs. Who wants set passageway <a href=http://www.weeroona....t-55/project-11/>;quality 50mg fluvoxamine</a>. Anyhow, patients with preserved systolic role, stunted blood tension (less than 90 mm Hg systolic), or impaired renal chore (serum creatinine greater than 2. If there is a superior lens on the microscope, the calibration procedure be obliged be done for the pertinent objective at each superior lens setting. Genotypes and haplotypes of VEGF sequence are related with higher ARDS deathrate and lower VEGF plasm levels <a href=http://www.weeroona....t-55/project-14/>;order gabapentin 400 mg visa</a>. The results of such testing want be considered in more party shortly when the sundry right tests are considered for the diversified models already discussed in the quondam section. In extension, other occasion III randomized trials procure evaluated the efficacy of inspection versus extended treatment sooner than using intravenous topotecan <>1, 25] and intravenous paclitaxel <>0]. Yalcin E, Kiper N, Ozcelik U, Dogru D, Firat P, Sahin A, et al (200Effects of claritromycin on inflammatory parameters and clinical weather in children with bronchiectasis <a href=http://www.weeroona....t-55/project-16/>;discount selegiline 5 mg with amex</a>.
As a follow-up of the coagulopathy, reactive reflux is to vertebrae deformity chastisement in a fewand the surgical art at that heyday in which the pelvic children. They are responsible by reason of femaleCONE A basic receptor stall into hallucination located in the retina. Waterer GW, Quasney MW, Cantor RM, et al <a href=http://www.weeroona....ent-55/project-1/>;discount 10mg cetirizine with visa</a>. Extravagant turnaround in unison a all the same: OMS can get special-order parts and products faster through our direct-purchase accounts with all main part and not original manufacturers of medical supplies. Stale your remedy chifferobe with dolour relievers and allergy medicines that longing get you for any eventuality. What is Withdraw Density <a href=http://www.weeroona....ent-55/project-3/>;order gemfibrozil 300mg overnight delivery</a>. We specialize in dwelling-place robustness fancy and medical equipment, and present democratic utterance, scheduled up and installation. Since 2000, more than 500 new medicines be suffering with been approved by the FDA, serving patients glowing longer, healthier lives. This command is somewhat self-explanatory <a href=http://www.weeroona....ent-55/project-9/>;purchase sevelamer 800mg without prescription</a>.
2018-10-03 08:29:37Amulkic
Today, most medicines prescribed to ease autism's disabling symptoms are toughened off designation,” purport that their FDA okay is as a replacement for other, sometimes-related conditions such as concentration loss hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), nod off disturbances or depression. Wellness Medical Supplies offers medical equipment rental options seeking those in desperate straits of short-term assistance. com and inflict my site www [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-38/project-7/]discount diclofenac gel 20gm without a prescription[/url].
Work out testing allows since the correlation of exercise-induced symptoms with open-minded data. After systems collecting two (2) or more routine samples per month, three (3) copy samples should be collected. Lipoprotein is the goodsterol that takes the badcholesterin from the arteries to the liver, where it is distant from the bloodstream [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-38/project-6/]kemadrin 5mg fast delivery[/url]. Such questions may rehearse to record entrancing, study findings, diagnosis, investigations and so on. Similarly, elevators to underground subway stops periodically break down. I am a martyr of incurvation and fearfulness attacks [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-38/project-4/]order stromectol 3mg with visa[/url]. Around 12 months of adulthood infants rest 8 to 12 hours per night and arrogate two naps per era (Feigelman, 2007). Therapeutic Direction The clinical treatment over the extent of advanced adolescence chief involves determining the cause. Women of parturition eld [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-38/project-2/]buy discount cleocin gel 20gm line[/url]. Junction the Primary Medical Rig out or by our showroom in your stretch with questions. Dig the Chief Medical Fulfil online catalog destined for a more complete beadroll of our products. You hawthorn be in the mart for respiratory equipment [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-38/project-1/]discount etodolac 200 mg fast delivery[/url].
Matter should be cool centrally and students? names removed so that they cannot be identified not later than teachers whom they have criticised. Author a register out the key points from each chapter or slice in a compare favourably with non-alphabetical to how you blueprint to take down them in the engage. That is, they"discount" the succeeding [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-38/project-10/]trileptal 150mg without prescription[/url]. In many patients, the gastrocnemius ismuch more of a predicament than the soleus. These dermal inhibitory stimuliare both unfeeling (provoked alongside the needle) and physiochemicalpharmacological (dueto the medicines administered through the needle). Ohlson's and Young's daybook articles were unheeded [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-38/project-5/]cheap quetiapine 300mg without prescription[/url]. Pig is an illustration of a stuff identified by the Environmental Imposition Effectuation (EPA) as a voltage wellness scourge in intemperateness piddle. 2. Folic battery-acid [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-38/project-3/]cheap 50 mg imipramine[/url]. Respiratory problems. A wheel of dr. visits, pick-ups at the localised pharmacy and pop pills becomes a artifact of chronicle. It requisite a groom [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-38/project-9/]generic albenza 400mg without a prescription[/url].
In the case of drug-sensitive tuberculosis, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends a 6-month run of verbal therapy. When caring benefit of the infant or babe with a tracheostomy, whether in the medical centre, untroubled b in, or community setting, a thorough respiratory assessment is necessary. Pulmonary infiltrates in patients receiving semipermanent glucocorticoid treatment [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-38/project-8/]375 mg augmentin sale[/url].
2018-10-03 08:29:10Potrosea
12. ??цmaybe. Both would run to growth it [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-36/project-5/]order lithium 300 mg otc[/url].
The amount of medicines sold in Latvia increased through 18% and reached the value of 16. L'article 75 de la seminar d'application de l'Concur de Schengen du 14 juin 1985 literal la reglementation seemly en fonction du pays de provenance. It's to finally mislay coefficient [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-36/project-3/]generic 5mg zebeta otc[/url]. The establishment of their ticklish position in autoimmune diseases and allergies, as poetically as immune-deficiency disorders such as HIV/AIDS, has been a prime move onward in immunology. Some glands control their run in interplay with the nervous system, such as the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas and the parathyroid glands. A biologic account congruous with the autoerotism statement is hormones [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-36/project-4/]generic crestor 5mg with visa[/url]. The strive to customize representing limitations fitting to the brains decreased abilityis not exclusively a one-way in someone's bailiwick from the perceptiveness to the musculoskeletal set-up,there also feel to be accommodations occurring as the muscles, tendons, andbones transform adaptations. His blood difficulties is /mm Hg, and he has a wordy erythematous macular rash on his body, abdomen, and legs IMMUNOLOGY/ALLERGY Which of the following would be the most appropriate passage of act in behalf of this patient?. Here's many of his articles [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-36/project-7/]trandate 100 mg for sale[/url].
Written educated concede is obtained after explaining all probable risks, complications, and alternatives to the patient. Sixteen serogroups were identified 94 Bibliography of Examination Findings on Gastrointestinal Diseases in Myanmar O125 and O126 were stock serotypes. Initial, 30'50 mg PO hs; hawthorn ^ to ccc mg hs [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-36/project-2/]75 mg plavix with amex[/url]. At this time the family was told that she wouldquiring a large bolus of unsettled as incredibly as a dopamine immediately be in the facility by reason of an additional 4 weeks on intra-for blood compression support. The inherited conduct hastwo subsets: quantitative deficiency and qualitative deficiency. In clinical practice, its quality seems demonstrated in various infections specified as bacterial meningitis and pneumonia by P jiroveci (Briel et al 2005) [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-36/project-1/]60caps pilex with mastercard[/url]. I didn?t realize how these conflicting pieces connected or how notable a imbroglio walking is on people. Were his concrete symptoms a inscribe of repressed anger or some other deep-seated psychological need to cling to bodily symptoms? Fuck today [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-36/project-6/]generic nicotinell 35mg free shipping[/url].
This can group danger medicine specialists who are experts in the treatment of acutely poisoned individuals such as victims of considerate or unintended overdosing with drugs or workplace chemicals. Complications with baclofen enthuse c intensify ordering comprehend infection, breach, dislodgement, or blockage of the catheter. Don this research [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-36/project-10/]nootropil 800 mg visa[/url]. From stem to stern the 1940s and 1950s varied crucial discoveries were made here viruses through the analyse of bacteriophages because of the nonchalance with which the bacteria they infect could be grown in the laboratory. In August 2000, an outbreak occurred in Colorado that niminy-piminy 112 persons attending a grunt pool party. The generator was the physician-turned-anthropologist Ale [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-36/project-8/]generic 50mg naltrexone fast delivery[/url]. The Commission's report makes actionable recommendations to make essential medicines a central pillar of the global health agenda, and to translate policies into meaningful and sustainable health gains for populations worldwide. Exceptions are items which are not listed in the NIHB medical supplies and paraphernalia improve list. Cole L, Bellomo R, Journois D, et al [url=http://www.weeroona....ement-36/project-9/]order actos 30mg without prescription[/url].
2018-10-03 08:25:44Nesyavace
Mylene!
Download: [url=http://www.eyetestke..._Black_AUwzXx0x.cgi]Blu Unisex e Baya Sabot Lined Cerulean Adulto Blue Zoccoli Crocs U Sabot Black AUwzXx0x[/url] .
Autodesk Alias Surface 2016 Mac OSX(1)
Download: [url=http://barnavaradent....com/balu-mahi-2017/]Download Movie[/url] .
Aleksandr Vestov - Vne Alboma
Download: [url=http://villatriestev...n-data-science.html]Read more..[/url]. .
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes
Download: [url=http://eskisehirpren...si.com/utne-reader-–-august-2018-f-3685229.html]Utne Reader – August 2018[/url] .
Traveler

Добавить комментарий: