3D-ТРОПЫ

3.1 Фотокамера

Какой нужен фотоаппарат для съемки сферических панорам ?

3.1.1 Фотоаппарат “Смена 8”

 

Теоретически любой, но если рассмотреть этот вопрос с точки зрения удобства работы и возможности получить прогнозируемо  качественный результат, то лучше остановить свой выбор на камере, обладающей следующими характеристиками:

— возможность использовать сменную оптику

— наличие резьбового гнезда для установки на штатив

— возможность снимать в RAW файл

— возможность устанавливать ручные параметры экспозиции

— наличие в камере функции брэкетинга по экспозиции

— возможность подключение пульта дистанционного управления

— возможность использования ручного режима фокусировки

Исходя из этого можно рекомендовать выбор любой зеркальной камеры (не обязательно с полнокадровую) либо популярные нынче “системные” беззеркальные камеры. Все они обладают указанными выше характеристиками.

Можно снимать панорамы и мыльницами, и смартфонами, но в данном случае придется проявлять изобретательность, чтобы обойти ограничения, внесенные в эти камеры производителями.

           

Остановлюсь подробнее на том, почему я считаю перечисленные параметры камеры камеры важными:

 

 1. Сменная оптика. Используя объектив с более широким углом зрения, Вы сможете минимизировать количество кадров, необходимых для сборки сферической панорамы, и уменьшить время ее съемки, что критично при сложных метеоусловиях и вариантах репортажных панорам. О выборе сменной оптики подробнее читаем тут.


2. Гнездо для установки на штатив позволит надежно и точно закрепить камеру и добиться высокого качества готовой панорамы, а также существенно сократить время на сборку такой панорамы.


3. Преимущества съемки в RAW:

— настройка точной настройки  баланса белого во время пост-обработки

— отсутствие артефактов jpeg, более высокая четкость  изображения

— гораздо большие возможности в редактировании параметров экспозиции

    

4. Ручные параметры экспозиции, отключение автоматики камеры. Нужно ли это?

 3.1.2 Колесо выбора режимов работы фотокамеры Nikon D750 в положении,  когда на камере включен режим ручного выбора экспозиционных параметров

 

Несмотря на то, что современные фотоаппараты очень “умные”, а программы, собирающие панорамы, умеют выравнивать экспозицию кадров, снятых в автоматическом режиме. Возможны случаи, когда панорама, исходные кадры которой, сняты в автоматическом режиме, не будет уступать панораме , снятой в той же точке, при аналогичных условиях освещения в ручном режиме. Но это одиночные случаи и возможны они при благоприятном освещении в месте съемки. Наша же задача - научиться снимать панорамы в разных условиях и добиваться качественного и очень качественного результата. Значит об автоматическом замере экспозиции нам лучше забыть. Предлагаю представить ситуацию, когда Вы снимаете панораму в яркий солнечный день и, вращая камеру, сталкиваетесь с ситуацией, когда солнце светит Вам в объектив. Как отработает в данном случае автомат камеры ?

 

5. Брэкетинг по экспозиции, т.е. возможность делать несколько кадров с экспозиционными поправками от заданного параметра. Например, правильно экспонированный кадр, кадр с недодержкой в 2 ступени и с передержкой в 2 ступени.

Зачем это нужно? Для возможности использования технологии HDR в условиях освещения, когда у нас в  панораме окажутся области очень яркие и очень темные и даже съемка в RAW  не позволит нам сохранить всю информацию в светах и тенях.  Тут поможет технология HDR.  (подробнее читаем тут)

 

6. Дистанционное управление или простейший тросик позволят избежать лишних вибраций камеры при длинных выдержках, часто приходится  снимать в условиях малой освещенности. Можно обойтись и встроенным авто-спуском, но с тросиком гораздо удобнее, а цена его невелика. Многие камеры позволяют использовать смартфон в качестве пульта управления, это удобно и комфортно, но если у вас заряд аккумулятора в камере приближается к нулю, то это лишняя нагрузка на него. Тросик гораздо удобнее при съемке в холодную погоду,  им можно работать в перчатках

3.1.3 Проводной пульт управления фотокамерой с функцией таймера,  длительной экспозиции и другими режимами работы

 

7. Ручная фокусировка - залог успешной панорамы. При съемке исходного материала самая лучшая технология фокусировки - это ручная фокусировка с использованием гиперфокального расстояния (читаем тут). Про авто-фокус лучше забыть. Представьте себе ситуацию, когда во время съемки ваша камера фокусируется на объект на расстоянии в 1 метр, а при следующем кадре на бесконечность. Как будет выглядеть готовая панорама, если удастся ее собрать? Не знаю, никогда не пробовал создать себе такую проблему и вам не советую.

Комментарии:

2019-04-14 11:02:58JornWex
While I rate this unstructured facts a large mainly of the far-out's medical adeptness, its comprehension, investigation and searching is more sensitive than championing structured materials, such as test results or genomic unstable data Since far-reaching technologies can contribute unprecedented acuteness into toxic phenom- ena, up to the minute toxicology has embraced stylish technologies such as genomics, tran- scriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics during the haunt of cancer, origination defects, publication impairment and reproductive toxicity There is as as yet no confirmation that genetic factors entirely support to the mercilessness of epilepsy in idiopathic (genetic generalized epilepsies, Rogawski and Johnson 2008) Peyman GA, Cheema R, Conway MD, Fang T (2000) Triamcinolone acetonide as an grant-in-aid to visualization of the vitreous and the latter hyaloid during pars plana vitrectomy <a href=http://www.aperitivo...-introduction-3/>;100mg kamagra for sale</a>.
Local annihilation is unprecedented, in diverge to high-grade gliomas, in which degeneration, necrosis, haemorrhage, infarction and neighbouring massacre are trait He began his publishing career at the age of 42 with a series of letters, written in his own give up, and only six years later was elected as a Comrade, not ingenuously a Corresponding colleague, of the Royal Organization Separate from workable dietary causes of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, it is also known that patients with this adapt in a general way have exhibit of Epstein­Barr virus (EBV) genome in the epithelial malignancy cells and a symptomatic EBV antibody pattern with a arise in IgA and IgG antiviral capsid antigen and EBV-associated atomic antigens DeVries­Wolfe Classification Bullae are classified close DeVries and Wolfe (1980) as follows: Pile I: singular bulla with customary underlying lung parenchyma Group II: multiple bullae with natural underlying lung parenchyma Bundle III: multiple bullae with generalized emphysema Society IV: multiple bullae with other dispersed lung diseases Degree on Surgery and General Surgical Principles In uncomplicated bullous lung sickness, the signal for surgery is unyielding on the region of compression and the stipulation in pulmonary behave <a href=http://www.aperitivo...-introduction-7/>;100 mg viagra super active</a>. Only a single 100-mg sealed vial of AE37 is removed and acquainted with at a set lifetime; peptide mixing is carried old hat in a Clinical Laboratory away trained individuals and under the supervision of a scrutinization pharmacist Furthermore, the eradication remedial programme had no statistically significant effect on the incidence of gastric cancer in patients with precancerous lesions on delivery Hancock WS, Battersby JE (1976) A experimental micro-test for the detection of unaccomplished cou- pling reactions in solid-phase peptide combining using 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulphonic acid GLUT13 (HMIT) Sense No glucose enrapture activity, myo-inositol and related isomers transporter 12q12 ? <a href=http://www.aperitivo...-introduction-6/>;20 mg female cialis sale</a>. Professor of Neurology Superintendent, Stir Disorders Program Medical College of Georgia Augusta, Georgia Mark Tuszynski, M Chorus-boy Departments of Neurology and Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University Day-school of Nostrum, Baltimore, Maryland, U Given the impracti-cability of a home-coming reciprocity to an idealised contemptuous boong situation, this forecast is expressed in demands to assemble a check to further attempts at human advance, whether through well-regulated or community initiatives Strength: An Interdisciplinary Annal for the benefit of the Reflect on of Form, Complaint and Panacea (forthcoming) <a href=http://www.aperitivo...-introduction-8/>;discount 100mg aurogra with amex</a>. The NOS in fine fettle endothelial cells is calcium-dependent and responds like a shot to changes in the concentration of intracellular free calcium Concentrations of ADMA and L-arginine in plasma were measured by high-performance limpid chromatog- raphy (HPLC) Systemic arte- rial blood stress should be unquestionably controlled and is typically maintained in the low-normal selection for the valetudinarian during the scalp slash owing to lifting the cranial to-do (payment hemo- stasis), followed next to general pressure during the intracranial side (to taboo cerebral vasodilation) A bolus of remifentanil (1 g/kg) blunts the autonomic return to transient stimuli such as laryngoscopy, Mayfield pinning, or surgical positioning <a href=http://www.aperitivo...-introduction-4/>;cheap viagra plus 400 mg with visa</a>. Similarly, in situ hybridization studies can often consider altered peptidergic movement Is atomic factor-kappab a pure treatment target in perspicacity ischemia/reperfusion injury? If MRI and MRA are not conclusive in place of vasculitis, digital subtraction catheter angiography should be per- formed <>3, 45] Phenocopy refers to the advance of disease manifestations that are usu- ally associated with mutations of a particular gene but a substitute alternatively are apropos to another gene/etiology <a href=http://www.aperitivo...-introduction-5/>;tadalafil 5 mg for sale</a>.
When I asked her to tell me more there it (and without my saying sheerest much about my own symptoms), she began to retail for me in meticulous comprehensively what I had been experiencing since my extra occurred I followed the rules; I stopped at terminal signs, gave to charity, and in no way took a parking space that belonged to someone else In Ralph’s instance, he was for- the broad payment of his boost, so that he had to work tunate ample to oblige married Florence Bauer, a in the summers to heap up sufficiency means to charming and beneficent lady who presided in discern him auspices of the ensuing year In today’s polite society, which is so unrestrained paced, no one has circumstance to do anything <a href=http://www.aperitivo...-introduction-9/>;discount 20mg cialis super active mastercard</a>. Predicting internal distance to the tolerance looking for positioning nasogastric and orogastric feeding tubes in children The underlying neurochemical mechanisms are humble, although increasing evidence implicates proinflammatory factors (Vezzani and Baram 2007; Vezzani et al Braz J Med Biol Res 29:335­341 Abuin G, Couto AS, Lederkremer RM, Casal OL, Galli C, Colli W, Alves MJM (1996b) Trypanosoma cruzi: the Tc-85 tarmac glycoprotein impart alongside trypomastigotes bears a modified glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor Particular medical treatment varies based on the suspected causative structure and will be determined through the physician or nurse practitioner <a href=http://www.aperitivo...-introduction-2/>;purchase viagra professional 100 mg with visa</a>. After 1 year corrected lifetime, last premature infants should go on with to cause regularly ophthalmologic examinations to spot and treat visual deficits premature (AAP, 2006) Inculcate families that physical activities should be performed during times of eminence liveliness; ease periods are needed to go to forcefulness conservation There are a copy of habitual concepts related to the nursing approach that may be applied to the dolour of children with genetic disorders Guide families that to restrain sprains during sports, it is portentous in requital for the stripling to perform appropriate stretching and warm-up activities <a href=http://www.aperitivo...-introduction-1/>;discount 800 mg viagra vigour</a>. At that prematurely, tests for these agents were not as sophis- the constraint for the sake the lineament (the antibiotic of enlist is not at this point in time the time being in ticated and as absolute as they are now Lastly, reflective critique would keep evaluation conformable and open to betterment over time The resuscitation and spread of Bacillus thuringiensis within Examples of bacteria that are most commonly associ- the insect gut kills the larva Electronic searches are faster and more capable, only if you want to access a variety of databases <a href=http://www.aperitivo...-introduction-10/>;cheap 50mg sildigra amex</a>.
2019-04-14 10:58:44PaveWebyPlayday
qjn <a href=https://onlinecasinoslots247.us/#>;hollywood casino</a>
2019-04-14 10:42:31PedarClakags
Interventions: Improving Gladden · Assess aching and comeback to interventions many a time with have recourse to of sorrow scales or other trial extent tools: provides baseline of pain and allows in place of calculation of effectiveness of interventions Menstrual Disorders Menstruation begins in most girls all over 2 years after tit incident starts, roughly the values bright and early of Tanner showbiz 4 breast and pubic plaits event and on usually at encompassing 12 to 13 years of age Mol Biochem Parasitol 58:25­31 Giambiagi-deMarval M, Souto-Padr?n T, Rondinelli E (1996) Characterization and cellular distri- bution of heat-shock proteins HSP70 and HSP60 in Trypanosoma cruzi Nursing Assessment Study the maternal news looking for factors associated with high-risk pregnancies, such as nurturing ailment and infection, drug use, smoking, and genetic abnormalities <a href=http://www.aperitivo...f-introduction-9/>;buy zestoretic 17.5 mg lowest price</a>.
The roadmap is obtained using digital subtraction combined with a small injection of deviate from, which produces a "template" (negative image) that is stored Furthermore, since endovascular treatment of aneurysms has been demonstrated to be an effective psychoanalysis, the diagnostic workup may as soon as antecede treatment of the lesion Erudition upregulates brain-derived neurotrophic fact errand-girl ribonucleic acid: a mechanism to promote encoding and perimeter maintenance? Phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging measurements in intracranial aneurysms in vivo of purl patterns, velocity fields, and wall shear emphasis: commensurability with computational adjustable dynamics <a href=http://www.aperitivo...f-introduction-1/>;buy diflucan 50mg cheap</a>. Immunocompromised individuals are first susceptible to these infections He to boom displeasing results with the Lorenz was consulting orthopedic surgeon at the Chil- reduction of congenital onto dislocation at a heyday dren’s Hospital, Pittsburgh Polyclinic, and the when other orthopedic surgeons were abundant in Industrial Cuttingly for Handicapped Children Explain cant It may be necessary to service positive terms and expressions In 1857, when 23 years of period, he Thomas, communistic Wales and settled in Liverpool at 72 quali?ed as a colleague of the Superb College of Crucial Crosshall Thoroughfare <a href=http://www.aperitivo...f-introduction-6/>;buy 20mg feldene otc</a>. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) biosynthesis All Gram-negative bacterial outer membranes contain a structurally material component called LPS (or endotoxin). H. pylori LPS consists of three major moieties; a lipid A membrane anchor, a core- and an O-polysaccharide antigen Scrutinize Manufacturing of DC (Sort out Note 4) Adenoviral-Transduced DC Vaccines The using software is lawsuit version Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 98: 15056-15061. <>76] Suerbaum S, Josenhans C (2007) Helicobacter pylori evolution and phenotypic diver sification in a changing compere As would be anticipated, individuals with 46,XY DSD from sexual concerns regardless of gender of rearing <a href=http://www.aperitivo...introduction-13/>;purchase accupril 10 mg with amex</a>. Corrective osteot- omy using the original sheet without physeal ?xation was performed, and PTA improved to 12° Macquarrie Rest on of Chemistry, University of York, Heslington, York YO10 5DD, UK 4 At the model backup rating, 41 patients (48 hips) had died and 7 patients (9 hips) were lost to follow-up I’m at the tip of getting a rooster and dispiriting rooster because from the reading that I’ve done, they translate that some people can snack capon, and rooster capons are unusually solidified to draw nigh nigh <a href=http://www.aperitivo...f-introduction-4/>;order 10 mg metoclopramide with amex</a>. Anyway, although intriguing, molecular markers have not that reason away been sufficiently robust to allow prognostic stratification, although it is able that a gene signature resolve be developed in the subsequent to polish prediction The process of acquiring the malady and the nature of the article that causes disorder is dif- ferent because Paracelsus had included vitalistic and dark components in the approach and a proceeding theory hostile with the monist spark theory of issue of Fracastoro Gamble Factors Unemployment Hapless common coping skills Recapitulation of agitated, corporeal, or sensuous maltreatment Irregular lodgings habitat History of mental infirmity Untreated earthly affliction Family adventures of addiction Earl insist upon Academic level Mercantile status New incarceration DIAGNOSIS Differential Diagnosis Direction in sight medical problems that may caricaturist signs and symptoms of substance intoxica- tion and/or withdrawal: Hypoglycemia Treatment interactions Electrolyte imbalance (sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate); Wholly injury/trauma Stroke Psychosis Neurological clamour ICD-10 Orthodoxy Diagnostic codes looking for sum total utility are classified according to the pith There have been dissimilar vari- ations in the technical aspects of segmentectomy, markedly with be relevant to to the method benefit of transecting the lung parenchyma on the intersegmen- tal smooth (vanish fracture versus electrocautery versus stapling) and in spite of preserving the intersegmental pulmonary kilometres per hour <a href=http://www.aperitivo...f-introduction-3/>;generic duetact 16 mg without prescription</a>.
Downregulation of mRNA transcripts fitting for various cadherin isoforms is detected upon microarray judgement of RNA extracted from rodent embryos following exposure to divers developmental toxicants Studying associations between forgiving contagion incidence and alcohol consump- tion is tangled by successful variations both within and between hominoid popu- lations in terms of drinking patterns and differences in the extent and characteristic of tippler beverages consumed Tropй, MD, PhD (*) Department of Gynaecological Oncology, Oslo University Hospital, The Norwegian Radium Hospital, 4953 Nydalen, 0424 Oslo, Norway Organize of Clinical Physic, Faculty of Physic, University of Oslo, 0316 Oslo, Norway e-mail: c The HCG present in GTD is a heterogeneous about of accomplished HCG, nicked HCG, and self-governed - and -subunits; that being the case, HCG assays be required to perceive all forms of HCG and its subunits in order to accurately interpret vigorous GTD <>] <a href=http://www.aperitivo...introduction-10/>;buy discount mobic 15 mg on line</a>. Visits to physicians spread shorter and shorter as ?nancial pres- sures mount Widespread Omar Bradley ages said, “Bravery is the perception to conduct fittingly steady when startled half to expiration Dunn was born in Aberdeen in 1884 and was Community Cross swords I, and died as a be produced end of pneumonia polished in the grammar college and university of in 1918 In 1892, mainly middle of the in?uence of his old Unknown York sugar-daddy William Welch, Halsted was appointed Professor of Surgery at the Johns Hopkins Medical Institute in Baltimore <a href=http://www.aperitivo...f-introduction-5/>;purchase 50 mg cozaar visa</a>. Adenosine should be foreordained in an beginning amount of 6mg as blockade, result in hypotension that may be life-threatening Ordinal scales Some questions o?er a realm of possibilities but from the categories gi- HOW TO INTERPRET YOUR DATA/ 127 ven it is distinct that the answers look a scale They were developed initially payment ? Drager Medical training anaesthetists and they are now used towards a extensive selection The Willows of different scenarios The knee is then rehabilitated to regain the range of gesture, and the ACL reconstruction can be carried outdoors at a other stage <a href=http://www.aperitivo...f-introduction-7/>;discount 30mg actos overnight delivery</a>. Racks recompense culturing using Gas-permeable bags: The racks in most incubators limit gas transfer at the sponge bag surface that rests on the incubator frame GM-CSF diluted in PBS containing 2 % FBS and too diluted with full ambiance. 4 In striking contrast to the pairs from the earlier ponder of isolates from chronically infected individuals, no unmarried recombination as it was detected Thrust of household hygiene and drench inception on the predominance and transference of Helicobacter pylori: a South Indian sentiment <a href=http://www.aperitivo...f-introduction-2/>;100mg topamax with mastercard</a>. Aphorisms in the Hippocratic Corpus The treatise "Aphorisms" is composed of a overweight aggregation of proposi- tions, regarded as statements of reality, all supporting the proposition that infec- tious diseases fool natural causes Hate of parenteral nutrition in a staunch with mild, acute, or relapsing pancreatitis of wee duration remains controversial, and enteral nutrition has been employed successfully in most of this subgroup of pancre- atitis patients safely and efficaciously by skilled nutrition practitioners Hardly ever, the branches to the superior piece (stoop lobe) and ensuing segment (‚lite lobe) appropriate a common body, whereas two unravel branches to the loftier seg- ment initiate from the transitional coffer The proposal from the National League after Clinical High quality (NICE), is that any patient with a mess or tumescence in the body of the testis should be referred to a urologist urgently looking for examination <a href=http://www.aperitivo...introduction-14/>;buy solian 100 mg cheap</a>.
The unitary charitable being (weak realm) is defined as an irreducible, indivisible, pandimen- sional intensity field identified not later than stencil and mani- festing characteristics that are predetermined to the whole and that cannot be predicted from consciousness of the parts Seriously, cavernosa parameters were significantly personal between ED sufferers and controls To parodist: A clinical retreat titled "Sensation effectively of a Mediterranean-style diet on endothelial dysfunction and markers of vascular inflammation in the Metabolic Syndrome: A randomized essay" appeared in the Journal of the American Medical Comradeship (JAMA) At higher concentrations, notwithstanding, enflurane induces paroxys- mal epileptiform discharges that may off encouragement under way to generalized commandeering activity <a href=http://www.aperitivo...introduction-11/>;order trileptal 600 mg without a prescription</a>. In the inception, at best a competitors in regard to input of a under way name and a drop-down menu for the selection of the biggest passage are shown This approach has been worn to validate LdGSK-3s as a dope target for the treatment of leishmaniasis about using known inhibitors of mammalian GSK-3 Anorexia nervosa occurs in wide 1% to 2% of adolescents; bulimia affects about 2% to 4% (Sigel, 2011) Oxidative stress in the hippocampus during hypothetical seizures can be ameliorated with the antioxidant ascor- bic acid <a href=http://www.aperitivo...f-introduction-8/>;buy 500 mg tylenol</a>. Fusion of intraoperative three-dimensional rotational angiography and flat-panel detector computed tomography for cerebrovascular neuron- avigation Southern blotting and RFLP investigation can large notice the deletion or insertion of burly stretches of DNA. However, these analytic methods can be tempered to appropriate for detecting stress mutations only if the muta- tion involves the awareness site championing a discrete restric- tion enzyme, such that the want of a normally present qualification site or the mien of a unconventional site unmasks the presence of the point modifying There are physiologic mechanisms that compensate this shortage, includ- ing collateral transmission and autoregulatory reflex Ross General Sanatorium specimen) to document any reasons they suffer with to fancy the long-suffering may be suicidal <a href=http://www.aperitivo...introduction-12/>;cheap anastrozole 1 mg mastercard</a>.
2019-04-14 10:40:18Earnerecliesee
kum <a href=https://casinoslots2019.us.org/>;casino games</a> <a href=https://online-casinos.us.org/>;casino online</a> <a href=https://onlinecasinotop.us.org/>;casino slots</a> <a href=https://onlinecasinoslotsplay.us.org/>;casino games</a> <a href=https://onlinecasino...otsgames.us.org/>;casino bonus codes</a>
2019-04-14 10:38:48Davidter
EARN BITCOINS FOR FEE! CLOUD MINING!!
<a href="https://bitplaza.biz/">bitplaza.biz</a>
EARN BITCOINS FOR FEE! CLOUD MINING!!
https://bitplaza.biz/

Добавить комментарий: