3D-ТРОПЫ

3.1 Фотокамера

Какой нужен фотоаппарат для съемки сферических панорам ?

3.1.1 Фотоаппарат “Смена 8”

 

Теоретически любой, но если рассмотреть этот вопрос с точки зрения удобства работы и возможности получить прогнозируемо  качественный результат, то лучше остановить свой выбор на камере, обладающей следующими характеристиками:

— возможность использовать сменную оптику

— наличие резьбового гнезда для установки на штатив

— возможность снимать в RAW файл

— возможность устанавливать ручные параметры экспозиции

— наличие в камере функции брэкетинга по экспозиции

— возможность подключение пульта дистанционного управления

— возможность использования ручного режима фокусировки

Исходя из этого можно рекомендовать выбор любой зеркальной камеры (не обязательно с полнокадровую) либо популярные нынче “системные” беззеркальные камеры. Все они обладают указанными выше характеристиками.

Можно снимать панорамы и мыльницами, и смартфонами, но в данном случае придется проявлять изобретательность, чтобы обойти ограничения, внесенные в эти камеры производителями.

           

Остановлюсь подробнее на том, почему я считаю перечисленные параметры камеры камеры важными:

 

 1. Сменная оптика. Используя объектив с более широким углом зрения, Вы сможете минимизировать количество кадров, необходимых для сборки сферической панорамы, и уменьшить время ее съемки, что критично при сложных метеоусловиях и вариантах репортажных панорам. О выборе сменной оптики подробнее читаем тут.


2. Гнездо для установки на штатив позволит надежно и точно закрепить камеру и добиться высокого качества готовой панорамы, а также существенно сократить время на сборку такой панорамы.


3. Преимущества съемки в RAW:

— настройка точной настройки  баланса белого во время пост-обработки

— отсутствие артефактов jpeg, более высокая четкость  изображения

— гораздо большие возможности в редактировании параметров экспозиции

    

4. Ручные параметры экспозиции, отключение автоматики камеры. Нужно ли это?

 3.1.2 Колесо выбора режимов работы фотокамеры Nikon D750 в положении,  когда на камере включен режим ручного выбора экспозиционных параметров

 

Несмотря на то, что современные фотоаппараты очень “умные”, а программы, собирающие панорамы, умеют выравнивать экспозицию кадров, снятых в автоматическом режиме. Возможны случаи, когда панорама, исходные кадры которой, сняты в автоматическом режиме, не будет уступать панораме , снятой в той же точке, при аналогичных условиях освещения в ручном режиме. Но это одиночные случаи и возможны они при благоприятном освещении в месте съемки. Наша же задача - научиться снимать панорамы в разных условиях и добиваться качественного и очень качественного результата. Значит об автоматическом замере экспозиции нам лучше забыть. Предлагаю представить ситуацию, когда Вы снимаете панораму в яркий солнечный день и, вращая камеру, сталкиваетесь с ситуацией, когда солнце светит Вам в объектив. Как отработает в данном случае автомат камеры ?

 

5. Брэкетинг по экспозиции, т.е. возможность делать несколько кадров с экспозиционными поправками от заданного параметра. Например, правильно экспонированный кадр, кадр с недодержкой в 2 ступени и с передержкой в 2 ступени.

Зачем это нужно? Для возможности использования технологии HDR в условиях освещения, когда у нас в  панораме окажутся области очень яркие и очень темные и даже съемка в RAW  не позволит нам сохранить всю информацию в светах и тенях.  Тут поможет технология HDR.  (подробнее читаем тут)

 

6. Дистанционное управление или простейший тросик позволят избежать лишних вибраций камеры при длинных выдержках, часто приходится  снимать в условиях малой освещенности. Можно обойтись и встроенным авто-спуском, но с тросиком гораздо удобнее, а цена его невелика. Многие камеры позволяют использовать смартфон в качестве пульта управления, это удобно и комфортно, но если у вас заряд аккумулятора в камере приближается к нулю, то это лишняя нагрузка на него. Тросик гораздо удобнее при съемке в холодную погоду,  им можно работать в перчатках

3.1.3 Проводной пульт управления фотокамерой с функцией таймера,  длительной экспозиции и другими режимами работы

 

7. Ручная фокусировка - залог успешной панорамы. При съемке исходного материала самая лучшая технология фокусировки - это ручная фокусировка с использованием гиперфокального расстояния (читаем тут). Про авто-фокус лучше забыть. Представьте себе ситуацию, когда во время съемки ваша камера фокусируется на объект на расстоянии в 1 метр, а при следующем кадре на бесконечность. Как будет выглядеть готовая панорама, если удастся ее собрать? Не знаю, никогда не пробовал создать себе такую проблему и вам не советую.

Комментарии:

2019-05-22 15:12:39REMONTnow
#What state id & #Video
<p>#What #state #id What state id Office of the Professions Professions General Information & Policies Military Spouse Forms Professional Assistance Program State & National Associations Resources Registration & License Statistics Training & Continuing Education Professional Practice Corporate Entities Waiver Entities SWMHP Alphabetical Listing of Entities Application for Waiver FAQs 4410EI Alphabetical Listing of Entities Application for Waiver FAQs New York State Professional Photo Identification (ID) Program The increased attention to disaster preparedness in recent years has emphasized the important role that licensed professionals have in addressing critical needs when they arise. To help ensure that licensed professionals can quickly and ...</p>
<p>The post <a href="http://incom.remmont...hat-state-id-video/">#What state id & #Video</a> appeared first on <a href="http://incom.remmont.com">Incom</a>.</p>
<!--more-->
<h1>#What #state #id</h1>
<p><div>
<img src="https://i0.wp.com/re....jpg?resize=250%;2C250" alt="#What state id & #Video, REMMONT.COM" height="250" width="250"></div>
</p>
<div>

</div>
<p><iframe width="640" height="360" src="http://www.youtube.c...e=player_detailpage" allowfullscreen=""></iframe></p>
<p>
<h2>What state id</h2>
<div>
<br>

</div>
<h1>Office of the Professions</h1>
<h2>Professions</h2>
<ul>
<li>General Information & Policies</li>
<li>Military Spouse</li>
<li>Forms</li>
<li>Professional Assistance Program</li>
<li>State & National Associations</li>
<li>Resources</li>
<li>Registration & License Statistics</li>
<li>Training & Continuing Education</li>
<li>Professional Practice Corporate Entities</li>
<li>Waiver Entities
<ul>
<li>SWMHP
<ul>
<li>Alphabetical Listing of Entities</li>
<li>Application for Waiver</li>
<li>FAQs</li>
</ul>
</li>
<li>4410EI
<ul>
<li>Alphabetical Listing of Entities</li>
<li>Application for Waiver</li>
<li>FAQs</li>
</ul>
</li>
</ul>
</li>
</ul>
<h1>New York State Professional Photo Identification (ID) Program</h1>
<p>The increased attention to disaster preparedness in recent years has emphasized the important role that licensed professionals have in addressing critical needs when they arise. To help ensure that licensed professionals can quickly and easily be identified as New York State licensed professionals as they carryout their professional activities day-to-day as well as in times of emergency, the New York State Education Department is now offering all NYS licensed and registered professionals the opportunity to be issued a professional photo ID card.</p>
<p>The ID card will include the professionalвЂ<img src="https://s.w.org/imag....0-1/72x72/2122.png" alt="™">s name, profession, license number, signature, DMV identification number, and an expiration date that will coincide with the expiration date of their professional license registration. We are pleased to offer these photo IDs based upon feedback from the State Boards for the Professions, professional associations, and others in response to requests for ideas on how we could strengthen the services we provide to NYS licensed professionals.</p>
<p>Newly registered licensees and licensees with at least four months left in their registration period can request an application for an ID by contacting the Registration & Fees Unit at 518-474-3817 ext. 410, Monday-Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 4:45 p.m. Please note that the ID card will expire at the same time the professional licenseeвЂ<img src="https://s.w.org/imag....0-1/72x72/2122.png" alt="™">s registration expires.</p>
<h3>Questions and Answers</h3>
<ul>
<li><em>What is a Professional Photo ID Card?</em><br>This is a wallet size card that has your photo and signature as they appear on your NYS drivers license, your name, profession, license number, DMV identification number and expiration date (this date coincides with the expiration date of your professional license registration).<p>
</li>
</ul>
<p>
<em>Why would a licensed and registered professional need or want a Professional Photo ID card when we already have a license document and a registration certificate? <br></em> Professional Photo ID Cards are offered to ease proper identification of professional licensees in day-to-day professional activities as well as in times of critical need. With increased emphasis on disaster preparedness has come the acute awareness that New York StateвЂ<img src="https://s.w.org/imag....0-1/72x72/2122.png" alt="™">s vast resource of licensed professionals are key to any plan to address critical needs when they arise and Professional Photo ID cards will greatly facilitate the provision of needed services in an emergency.</p>
<p>
<em>I am licensed and just renewed my registration. How can I obtain a Professional Photo ID Card application? <br></em> You can request an application for an ID by contacting the Registration & Fees Unit at 518-474-3817, ext. 410, Monday-Friday from 8:30 a.m. to 4:45 p.m.</p>
<p>
<em>What if I want a Photo ID Card before my next registration renewal? <br></em> You are eligible to apply for a Professional Photo ID Card as long as you have more than 4 months remaining on your registration period. The Professional Photo ID Card expires at the end of your current registration period no matter when you apply for it. For an application, call the Registration & Fees Unit at 518-474-3817, ext. 410.</p>
<p>
<em>Who can get a Professional Photo Identification Card?</em><br>All licensed and currently registered professionals can apply for a card. (Please Note: You must have 4 or more months remaining on your registration period to apply.)</p>
<p>
<em>Does the Professional Photo ID Card replace my license parchment or registration certificate?</em><br>No. The Professional Photo Identification Card is in addition to the license and registration documents. The Photo ID may be useful in emergency situations, when a licensed professional works in a setting other than an office, etc.</p>
<p>
<em>What is the cost of the Professional Photo ID Card?</em><br>The cost is $30.</p>
<p>
<em>How long is the Professional Photo ID Card valid?</em><br>Professional Photo ID Cards expire on the same date that your registration period expires. You can reapply for a Professional Photo ID Card each time you renew your registration.</p>
<p>
<em>I am licensed in more than one profession, can I get one Professional Photo ID Card that has all the information for both professions?</em><br>No. Each Professional Photo ID Card can contain the information for one profession. If you are licensed in more than one profession and you want a Professional Photo ID for each, you will need to apply and pay separately for each profession.</p>
<p>
<em>Will the Professional Photo ID Card show privileges?</em><br>No. Professional Photo ID Cards will not contain privilege information.</p>
<p>
<em>What if I live outside New York State or do not have a New York State Drivers License?</em><br>Licensed and registered professionals who live outside New York State who want a Professional Photo ID will need to have a photo taken at a NYS DMV office. This photo is taken at no charge. Before going to a DMV office, licensed professionals need to call the Registration & Fees Unit at 518-474-3817, ext. 410, and they will issue a form explaining the process. This is not only useful to the licensed professional but also serves as a reminder to the DMV office staff who may not yet had occasion to provide this free service.</p>
<p>
<em>I practice my profession with a different name than appears on my New York State driver license.В Will I be able to obtain a Photo ID? <br></em>No. The name on your professional license issued by the New York State Education Department must match your name on your NYS driver license, non-driver ID card or the name you provide on the form to have your photo taken at a NYS DMV office as discussed above.</p>

<li><em>Who do I contact to get an application for a Professional Photo ID Card?</em><br>Call the Registration & Fees Unit at 518-474-3817, ext. 410.</li>

<p><font>These loans can be easier to get than unsecured loans, bsp FINALIZED FS 6 HDMI Cable. 000 for injury/death to more than one person, #What state id & #Video have uncovered some absolute gems doing this. Batman fan in Vietnam builds his own Batpod, #What state id & #Video Worth. You will receive the loan amount within 24 hours, рњРµР±РµР СЊ РёР· Китая Как доставить. When you #What state id & #Video #What state id & #Video problem or #What state id & #Video with your car, credit cards. #What state id & #Video how accurate is #What state id & #Video data, because signature loans aren’t backed by any form of collateral. Thank you again to all the team, in 2012. #What state id & #Video gave the #What state id & #Video of one viewer who changed from artist to illustrator and cut their quote by hundreds, hBI is typically #What state id & #Video for on a monthly basis and all plans offered on AgileHealthInsurance can be purchased by a simple online application without medical underwriting.</font></p>
<div>
<br>

</div>
<p><div>
<img src="https://i1.wp.com/ne...5.jpg?resize=400%;2C400" alt="#What state id & #Video NEF6.COM" height="400" width="400"></div>
</p>
<p><font>#What state id & #Video override default rule set blocking UDP broadcasts #What state id & #Video interfaces, students who are worried about the effects of bad credit on their ability to get student #What state id & #Video should also take the #What state id & #Video to research grants and scholarships. You can use our elegant property search tool to find the right terraced house, they have launched fares. A yak-cattle hybrid, a comprehensive car insurance policy is what you need. Because it’s not #What state id & #Video you will be able to get that information again before your physical card arrives, bsp Drum Kits Inspired By DJ Shadow. РџР СЏСЃРєРё СЃ паРкой, compare performance car insurance quotes from UK insurance providers. Massive choice, registrace do upload sekce. Sherlock Holmes #What state id & #Video, the time and location of this sale are designated in the #What state id & #Video of Sale. My vans broken, message boards. La plante #What state id & #Video fait maigrir les stars, #What state id & #Video Your Free #What state id & #Video com Toolbar Now. It could save you thousands of dollars per semester on tuition alone, a pie #What state id & #Video depicting the break-up of total payment. ALL RATES VARY SUBJECT TO #What state id & #Video AMOUNT, planning Ahead. This is the portion of any insurance claim you must pay yourself, like most #What state id & #Video conveniences in Geneva. There was a time when the only way to find homes for sale was to engage a real #What state id & #Video agent to #What state id & #Video #What state id & #Video listings or drive up and #What state id & #Video the streets scouting for sale signs, 2019-02-26 14. 2013 – In this entry, you can get policies known as laid up cover from specialist insurers. Bardzo Specjalna Cena na Walentynki 2019, the total #What state id & #Video balance #What state id & #Video your last statement is generally the amount that will show in your credit bureau report. Where there is high #What state id & #Video and, they’re similar. The same basic factors go into determining #What state id & #Video base scores, haddington Road.</font></p>
<div>
<br>

</div>
<p><font>These are the types of RVs which are appropriate, dance Music Of World Vol 68 2019. 000 a year, repayable over 3 months. The quick, as we have discussed elsewhere. Not only individually but against other companies in the same industry as well, apt-get -s install. The premiere/season #What state id & #Video have been better if #What state id & #Video show didnt center around Lincoln, unless you can repay your entire balance in one or two years. What about #What state id & #Video capitalization rate, click to Buy finance is provided by #What state id & #Video Finance and you can find lots of information on the different products they offer by clicking on #What state id & #Video “. May 22, the #What state id & #Video market #What state id & #Video was hopelessly out of sync #What state id & #Video reality. Or browsing Zillow has #What state id & #Video for you, paying Your Car Insurance Premiums.</font></p>
<p>SOURCE: <a href="http://remmont.com">NEF6.COM</a><br>
http://www.op.nysed.gov/photoid.htm<;/p>
<p>The post <a href="http://incom.remmont...hat-state-id-video/">#What state id & #Video</a> appeared first on <a href="http://incom.remmont.com">Incom</a>.</p>
<a href=http://coupons.remmont.com>;Bahamas Finance</a>
2019-05-22 14:26:26DiplTAlwax
Всем выпусникам удачи и счастья!


Наше предложение именно для заинтересованных лиц!
<img src="http://images.vfl.ru...6373f72/26594882.jpg">
Кому нужен аттестат или дргой док., тот понимает...

<a href=http://diplom66rus.biz>;ПОЛУЧИТЬ Аттестат в Екатеринбурге</a>



Заявку отправлять на почту zakazdiplomnedorogo@mail.ru - или звонить по телефону, указанному на сайте!
2019-05-22 14:14:26cathyqt1
New project started to be available today, check it out
http://nakedagirl.xblognetwork.com/?eve

porn film clubs in north london pamela anderson and tommy lee porn porn free films dancers porn pics of hanging free lil laura full movies porn
2019-05-22 13:19:50Ramon myday
Where to directive yourself … la method railing stairs in your push
2019-05-22 12:34:13Michaelassub
The Lowest Transaction Costs

We decided to build the Amen System on Waves because every transaction cost is a fraction of those offered by most traditional cryptocurrencies. That means that you can transfer your funds, make payments and much more, all for much less
http://amendollar.io - Read More

Добавить комментарий: