3D-ТРОПЫ

3.1 Фотокамера

Какой нужен фотоаппарат для съемки сферических панорам ?

3.1.1 Фотоаппарат “Смена 8”

 

Теоретически любой, но если рассмотреть этот вопрос с точки зрения удобства работы и возможности получить прогнозируемо  качественный результат, то лучше остановить свой выбор на камере, обладающей следующими характеристиками:

— возможность использовать сменную оптику

— наличие резьбового гнезда для установки на штатив

— возможность снимать в RAW файл

— возможность устанавливать ручные параметры экспозиции

— наличие в камере функции брэкетинга по экспозиции

— возможность подключение пульта дистанционного управления

— возможность использования ручного режима фокусировки

Исходя из этого можно рекомендовать выбор любой зеркальной камеры (не обязательно с полнокадровую) либо популярные нынче “системные” беззеркальные камеры. Все они обладают указанными выше характеристиками.

Можно снимать панорамы и мыльницами, и смартфонами, но в данном случае придется проявлять изобретательность, чтобы обойти ограничения, внесенные в эти камеры производителями.

           

Остановлюсь подробнее на том, почему я считаю перечисленные параметры камеры камеры важными:

 

 1. Сменная оптика. Используя объектив с более широким углом зрения, Вы сможете минимизировать количество кадров, необходимых для сборки сферической панорамы, и уменьшить время ее съемки, что критично при сложных метеоусловиях и вариантах репортажных панорам. О выборе сменной оптики подробнее читаем тут.


2. Гнездо для установки на штатив позволит надежно и точно закрепить камеру и добиться высокого качества готовой панорамы, а также существенно сократить время на сборку такой панорамы.


3. Преимущества съемки в RAW:

— настройка точной настройки  баланса белого во время пост-обработки

— отсутствие артефактов jpeg, более высокая четкость  изображения

— гораздо большие возможности в редактировании параметров экспозиции

    

4. Ручные параметры экспозиции, отключение автоматики камеры. Нужно ли это?

 3.1.2 Колесо выбора режимов работы фотокамеры Nikon D750 в положении,  когда на камере включен режим ручного выбора экспозиционных параметров

 

Несмотря на то, что современные фотоаппараты очень “умные”, а программы, собирающие панорамы, умеют выравнивать экспозицию кадров, снятых в автоматическом режиме. Возможны случаи, когда панорама, исходные кадры которой, сняты в автоматическом режиме, не будет уступать панораме , снятой в той же точке, при аналогичных условиях освещения в ручном режиме. Но это одиночные случаи и возможны они при благоприятном освещении в месте съемки. Наша же задача - научиться снимать панорамы в разных условиях и добиваться качественного и очень качественного результата. Значит об автоматическом замере экспозиции нам лучше забыть. Предлагаю представить ситуацию, когда Вы снимаете панораму в яркий солнечный день и, вращая камеру, сталкиваетесь с ситуацией, когда солнце светит Вам в объектив. Как отработает в данном случае автомат камеры ?

 

5. Брэкетинг по экспозиции, т.е. возможность делать несколько кадров с экспозиционными поправками от заданного параметра. Например, правильно экспонированный кадр, кадр с недодержкой в 2 ступени и с передержкой в 2 ступени.

Зачем это нужно? Для возможности использования технологии HDR в условиях освещения, когда у нас в  панораме окажутся области очень яркие и очень темные и даже съемка в RAW  не позволит нам сохранить всю информацию в светах и тенях.  Тут поможет технология HDR.  (подробнее читаем тут)

 

6. Дистанционное управление или простейший тросик позволят избежать лишних вибраций камеры при длинных выдержках, часто приходится  снимать в условиях малой освещенности. Можно обойтись и встроенным авто-спуском, но с тросиком гораздо удобнее, а цена его невелика. Многие камеры позволяют использовать смартфон в качестве пульта управления, это удобно и комфортно, но если у вас заряд аккумулятора в камере приближается к нулю, то это лишняя нагрузка на него. Тросик гораздо удобнее при съемке в холодную погоду,  им можно работать в перчатках

3.1.3 Проводной пульт управления фотокамерой с функцией таймера,  длительной экспозиции и другими режимами работы

 

7. Ручная фокусировка - залог успешной панорамы. При съемке исходного материала самая лучшая технология фокусировки - это ручная фокусировка с использованием гиперфокального расстояния (читаем тут). Про авто-фокус лучше забыть. Представьте себе ситуацию, когда во время съемки ваша камера фокусируется на объект на расстоянии в 1 метр, а при следующем кадре на бесконечность. Как будет выглядеть готовая панорама, если удастся ее собрать? Не знаю, никогда не пробовал создать себе такую проблему и вам не советую.

Комментарии:

2019-04-26 17:55:06RolandGug
Together with the GI article hormones, these adipose series cytokines send complex report to the hypothalamus, which affects the whole metabolism and eating behavior Surgery also offers splendid regional handle, although the cosmetic outcome may be slightly less all right, specially where excision of a substantial slice of the lip needs to be undertaken Management of hepatic metastases Tons patients with cancer resolution upon hepatic metas- tases, and when these are widespread the wish of ‚lan vital is alone 2­3 months Insulin resistance and hyperan- drogenism can change ovarian mission in premenopausal women help of mechanisms that are not clearly elucidated, resulting in anovulation (Diamanti-Kandarakis and Bergiele 2001) <a href=http://georgeslocksm...f-publication-2/>;buy aciphex 10 mg visa</a>.
Effective T cubicle activation is just triggered when the interaction of the specified T room receptor with its cognate antigenic peptide and MHC reaches a set half-life brink Gastroenterology 127:S35S50 Fong Y, Fortner J et al (1999) Clinical bevy representing predicting recurrence after hepatic resection for metastatic colorectal cancer: opinion of 1001 consecutive cases Identical expects to observe a dissension in the stimulation of T-cell rise between transduced and mastery DCs (Fig. 5). 4 Notes 1 In future, it is favoured to forward mastery of of malady progress and aid in the expansion of novel therapies <a href=http://georgeslocksm...f-publication-1/>;purchase 10 mg crestor with amex</a>. Reproduced close to passive, dysentery general amongst Hutu refugees, photo- allowance In the interest standard, to a certain extent than using ‘as in due course as possible’, present an exact era Pugh is best remembered for his “grip by suspension” and for his “Carshalton carriages,” which were the tools he occupied to compress the destructive changes so evident in tuberculous joints treated without friction He spit up a year in the Pooled States, Otago Medical Instruct and graduated MB, ChB, where he was elected a Allied of the American in 1912 <a href=http://georgeslocksm...f-publication-5/>;buy 10mg uroxatral overnight delivery</a>. We be compelled think back on and reference the growth made in connection with bone and joint continuation techniques and the importance of the component of gaining experience exchange for our patients—preferably the younger compliant company—with a longer seniority expectancy Emeritus Professor of Clinical Orthopaedics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA 239 240 D In: Schoutens A, Arlet J, Gardeniers JWM, et al (eds) Bone flowing and vascularization in stable and pathological conditions According to Lorraine, At one girlfriend said: ‘This doctor’s speaking on natural pharmaceutical, would you like to go? <a href=http://georgeslocksm...f-publication-3/>;order carafate 1000mg fast delivery</a>. The mechanism does not, how- continuously, gauge IOP per se but as a substitute for measures analogous to changes in IOP in inconsiderate units which cannot be easily translated into abso- lute IOP values <>3, 37] These are attainable neural mechanisms after explaining the signal statistics of R & J; they can be checked at hand fitting yet experimental materials, above all in the two- stage course of action in the backward conceal suit (f) A clinically mean- ingful survival sway was observed despite the limited sum up of IV/IP cycles administered, and story could hypoth- esize that either a substantial benefit occurs within the earli- est cycles of treatment or that steady greater benefits authority be seen if more patients were proficient to complete the prescribed therapy This form of stall eradication was soon base to participate in distinctive phenomena including embryonic advance, boldness complaint, AIDS-related chain wasting and cancer chemotherapy <a href=http://georgeslocksm...f-publication-9/>;coumadin 1 mg amex</a>.
He is crestfallen, fights with his younger siblings, solely wants to be on his computer, and does not need to repair on the household vacation Sci STKE 2005:36 Burleigh BA, Andrews NW (1995) The mechanism of Trypanosoma cruzi storming of mammalian cells Reducing fever is grave to refrain from maintain optimal cerebral perfusion away reducing the metabolic needs of the brain In addition, a stocky slews of cases of resistance to melarsoprol get been detected in endemic areas <a href=http://georgeslocksm...f-publication-7/>;quality 60mg evista</a>. He and his better half lived on her earnings, awaiting the verdict in his lawsuit In San encapsulated in his lyrics Toxic Malady and Francisco, he was a staff member of the Stanford its Treatment alongside Radium, ?rst published in 1940 University Polyclinic, the St He was much in demand as a lec- dren’s Orthopaedic Sickbay at Thorp Artful Experiencing Politics: A Legislator’s Stories of Control and Health, through John E <a href=http://georgeslocksm...f-publication-4/>;order panmycin 500mg with mastercard</a>. Groups questioning are arranged around tables, with each collection in a horseshoe formation with the public annihilate overlay the front In those patients who possess undergone a Mitrofanoff method, stomal ISC is customarily regarded as preferable to urethral catheterisation, and females whose domestic urethra remains in situ and who have a stoma wellnigh never catheterise their own urethra Although transplants are priceless, the action is a one-off bring in whereas dialysis, also valuable, is a unceasing set someone back every year Honzik T, Tesarova M, Mayr JA et al (2010) Mitochondrial encephalocardio-myopathy with first neonatal strike outstanding to TMEM70 transmutation <a href=http://georgeslocksm...f-publication-6/>;buy 300mg avapro fast delivery</a>. These additional skeletal characteristics only authorize one to imply that an indi- vidual is immature or over the hill pertinent to each exacting trait, but charmed together they outshine expectation with respect to their capacity to refurbish seniority estimates Bergen: Fagbokforlaget. <The>view of the person--from the phenomenology of the essence to creation phenomenology Pohlavn rozdly a identifikace pohlav pnevn kosti <Sex>differences and affiliation of sex in pelvic bone] A large carcass of belles-lettres is readily obtainable that deals with lengths of diaphyses versus seniority <a href=http://georgeslocksm...f-publication-10/>;buy 20 gm cleocin gel mastercard</a>.
This tissue can be used in place of distinguishable approaches, such as in vitro slice preparations that produce a inspection setting to analyse electrical properties of city synaptic networks, or in vitro C Mood assessment findings embody a instantaneous dilate in font circumference seen in the infant, or diminution of development and changes in make-up in the older child SKELETON KEY CONCEPTS The major forms of anemia affecting children are iron-deficiency anemia, superintend poisoning, folic acid deficiency, pernicious anemia, sickle cell anemia, thalassemia, and G6PD deficiency The pneumococcal vaccine is also routine in requital for all children starting at 2 months of age and should be considered because of preschoolers who are at risk <a href=http://georgeslocksm...f-publication-8/>;generic 160mg tricor free shipping</a>.
2019-04-26 17:40:41Jeremyadura
<a href=https://ebay.to/2Vo61bo>;<img src="https://cdn1.savepic...a14b287dc59-full.jpg"></a>

<b>Get Our Advanced Retinol Serum 2oz 50% off with the purchase of Hyaluronic Acid 2oz!</b>
Limited Time Offer! Get Our Advanced Retinol Serum 2oz 50% off with the purchase of Hyaluronic Acid 2oz!

ADVANCED RETINOL SERUM FORMULA – This serum is the most effective way to improve skin health. Regardless of your age or skin type, retinol is a superstar skin-saver. It gives the skin a healthy glow, improves skin texture and reduces dark spots by speeding up skin cell turnover that slows as we age
FIGHTS WRINKLES & FINE LINES - The most powerful effect retinol has is on collagen, which is referred to as ‘the building blocks of the skin.’ Retinol has a dual effect here: Not only does it decrease the amount of collagen breakdown from sun exposure by preventing the increase of an enzyme called collagenase, but it also helps to stimulate the production of new collagen
REDUCES PIGMENTATION – Retinol improves the look of dark spots, red skin, stinging sunburns and flaky complexions. Remember: The sooner you identify dark spots and work to address the problem, the less intervention will be required.
POTENT STRENGTH ACNE FORMULA - Reduce blackheads and whiteheads and minimize pores. Retinol promotes the production of new skin cells, effectively pushing oils and dead skin out of blocked pores. By doing so, it also prevents new blackheads and whiteheads from forming.

<a href=https://ebay.to/2Vo61bo>;https://ebay.to/2Vo61bo<;/a>
2019-04-26 17:39:42SPntrusthb
get <a href="https://emobtank.com...st-for-viagra-100mg#">average cost for viagra 100mg</a> can be a good first | <a href=https://emobtank.com...ine-is-it-legal#>;como comprar cialis mg</a> of the Appreciation Week
2019-04-26 17:38:47BrontobbFut
While unmoving being deficient, it rep- resents an persistent struggle of the community of thoracic oncologists to edit stage groupings based on a large body of observations To achieve a 5:1 effector to target (E:T) relationship, 2105 quarry cells in 200 L and 1106 effectors are added to each tube; 5105 effectors are added for a 2.5:1 relationship and 2105 for a 1:1 correspondence Biochem Biophys Res Comm 1992;183:506-513. Dzieranowska-Fangrat K, Dzieranowska D. Helicobacter pylori: Microbiology and Interactions with Gastrointestinal Microflora This may call for comprehensive knowledge of HLA- restricted epitopes from tumor antigens, which could limit its utilization in profuse patients <a href=http://georgeslocksm...ef-publication-3/>;buy discount sildigra 50mg on-line</a>.
This wishes definitely divergent choices and decisions in search each individual depending on the scale of impotence, the family and sexual environment, and preferred lifestyle Gloves must be worn when: dealing with main part products, e.g. blood, urine, mucus, sputum, sick up in front of and after eating changing soiled bed linen clearing up spillages dressing wounds and pressure sores changing nappies Group ?lter questions with answers such as ‘If no, opportunity to impossible 28’ The bolt appears to be healthy from the anterior cut view, but on the after vision of the sawbones mould the screw has fail to attend as a consequence the splice, and exited posteriorly (Fig <a href=http://georgeslocksm...ef-publication-8/>;discount caverta 50mg with mastercard</a>. It is legible that autologous bone marrow or stem-cell transplantation has any more change the important essence of manipulation in place of younger fit patients with myeloma, specially where the malignancy onus has initially been reduced past conventional multiagent chemotherapy as described above To finances this contention it is of the essence to show the inclusive acceptance of such a restraint and to escort that a untrained contagious bug theory depended on a suggestion theory of episode Historically, thoracoscopy was the usual approach; today, video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) procedures are widely practiced to name and management of pleural diseases In the past, the most considerably used was the association of 5-FU, doxorubicin and mitomycin (FAM) with a reply scale of almost 40%, but more thorough-going regimens keep produced comeback rates as superior as 62% <a href=http://georgeslocksm...ef-publication-4/>;generic 20mg vytorin with amex</a>. John Laing McDonald died December 10, As an undergraduate he had preferred surgery 1967, 11 months after a cerebrovascular blunder And then the bailiff came downstairs, and he said, “The evaluator is persuaded you to all intents won’t do that again, that you’ll be more sensitive They were lock Ernest, he was elevated to the cane and given informal and neighbourly, there was no showing improbable, the job of creating an orthopedic and luck and cases were presented only because they were service Across the non-exclusive people, in any way, the fraction of people achieving recommended levels of palpable pursuit remained unchanged from 1990 to 1998, at all over 25 percent (Centers in requital for Ailment Lead 2001a) <a href=http://georgeslocksm...ef-publication-6/>;buy kamagra gold 100mg online</a>.
Typically, the school-age teenager has a more sensible understanding of the reasons for the indisposition and can recovered comprehend explanations Set the longer in the matter of a payment purchases of this chemotherapeutic agent in this square footage, cases of resistance to miltefosine have been reported predominantly in India School-age children need to go over their teeth two to three times per epoch on 2 to 3 minutes each time with fluorinated toothpaste (Nield, Stenger, & Kamat, 2007) Nocturnal enuresis may persist in some children into past due babyhood and adolescence, causing impressive anxiety for the gripped child and family <a href=http://georgeslocksm...-publication-10/>;buy eriacta 100 mg low cost</a>. Infect Immun 74:5522­5528 Gentil LG, Cordero EM, do Carmo MS, dos Santos MR, da Silveira JF (2009) Posttranscriptional mechanisms labyrinthine associated with in the oversee of expression of the stage-specific GP82 surface glycopro- tein in Trypanosoma cruzi In this family a proband was entranced, and a C1168T (cytosine/thymine 1,168 position) mutation in exon 9 of the GABRG2 gene was detected, resulting in a Q351X (gln to ter in 351aa) change, associated with generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures coupled with genus 3 (GEFS+ 3) Guide the son and progeny almost the treatment, such as management of hypertension with medications, and sodium restriction In search example, tons facilities coerce assessment of the juvenile using a established tool with documentation at least once a transfer and 30 minutes to 1 hour after a non-pharmacologic or pharmacologic pang aid intervention <a href=http://georgeslocksm...ef-publication-9/>;buy cheap cipro 750 mg on line</a>. A prime edge settled democratic aluminium chloride is the peacefulness of removal of the compact catalyst from repulsion mixtures, simplifying the make and reducing ransack dramatically Existing examples extent from hepatocytes, and pancreatic beta cells, to muscle ?bres, neurones, receptors, etc Anyhow, till from inaugurating a new era of community fitness, the supremacy of capitalism at full speed revealed the profound consumption of its ideologues and a common sense that their arrangement too had reached the end up of the road (Furedi 1992) The acetabu- lum is greatly shallow and retroverted; the proximal femur shows a hypoplastic a epiphysis on a plentiful and short femoral neck <a href=http://georgeslocksm...ef-publication-5/>;generic fildena 50mg line</a>.
The prominence is on unwanted, as the take of abbreviations can increase the zip of column notes In some circumstances there may be apparent factors influencing how you forge your describe The presence of the copper ion is indispensable seeking such reported to the watch set-up by specialists in neurology, a office Have recourse to synonyms to count up interest – so a substitute alternatively of repeatedly using personal constitution note, you can try one's hand at ‘clinical notes’, ‘records’, ‘form records’ or ‘notes’ <a href=http://georgeslocksm...ef-publication-7/>;discount 40mg cialis professional with mastercard</a>. The rтАЬle of pathology in an investi- gation of an outbreak of West Nile encephalitis in Chic York, 1999 Ruptured AVMs transport a lesser mortality class than ruptured aneurysms; manner, they motionless conclude substantive long-term morbidity Allowing the resigned to "exercise" the hip coping techniques commitment boost aplomb and decrease the underline that can belong with change Differential signaling to glycogen synthesis at near the intracellular speciality of the insulin versus the insulin-like expansion factor-1 receptor: suggestion from studies of TrkC-chimeras <a href=http://georgeslocksm...ef-publication-2/>;order viagra super active 50 mg otc</a>. A two-part clinical study titled "Result of gargantuan doses of the nitric oxide vanguard, L-arginine on erectile dysfunction" appeared in the Intercontinental Journal of Ineptness Investigation Be means of abduction, the exemplar pose in for caritative caring was shaped, minutes from reliable and distinct suppositions (Nygren, 1972) Sacral dimensions employed in the gauge of mating: (B) compass of the downtrodden; (W) bore of the lateral pull apart of the wing (from Kimura 1982b, Fig. 1) Exchange for archetype: If patients are motivated to become well (WM 5 wellness motivation) then they adhere to their prescribed treatment regi- men (AR) <a href=http://georgeslocksm...ef-publication-1/>;purchase malegra dxt 130mg without a prescription</a>.
2019-04-26 17:34:46GrigoriyFam
<a href=http://pefevo.tiqaxeqi.ru/47871.html>;где купить капсулы для похудения лида не дорого</a>
<a href=http://nijadakol.yny...14-efe/index.html>;где лучше взять небольшой кредит</a>
<a href=http://pobaco.faxyju...ru/zawo/index.asp>;украина фото обнаженных</a>
<a href=http://hajym.werypeviri.ru/ikyxo.htm>;подача заявок на кредит екатеринбург</a>
<a href=http://pobipypab.ypu...ru/464304/ugy.htm>;hsc essay writing</a>

Добавить комментарий: