3D-ТРОПЫ

3.1 Фотокамера

Какой нужен фотоаппарат для съемки сферических панорам ?

3.1.1 Фотоаппарат “Смена 8”

 

Теоретически любой, но если рассмотреть этот вопрос с точки зрения удобства работы и возможности получить прогнозируемо  качественный результат, то лучше остановить свой выбор на камере, обладающей следующими характеристиками:

— возможность использовать сменную оптику

— наличие резьбового гнезда для установки на штатив

— возможность снимать в RAW файл

— возможность устанавливать ручные параметры экспозиции

— наличие в камере функции брэкетинга по экспозиции

— возможность подключение пульта дистанционного управления

— возможность использования ручного режима фокусировки

Исходя из этого можно рекомендовать выбор любой зеркальной камеры (не обязательно с полнокадровую) либо популярные нынче “системные” беззеркальные камеры. Все они обладают указанными выше характеристиками.

Можно снимать панорамы и мыльницами, и смартфонами, но в данном случае придется проявлять изобретательность, чтобы обойти ограничения, внесенные в эти камеры производителями.

           

Остановлюсь подробнее на том, почему я считаю перечисленные параметры камеры камеры важными:

 

 1. Сменная оптика. Используя объектив с более широким углом зрения, Вы сможете минимизировать количество кадров, необходимых для сборки сферической панорамы, и уменьшить время ее съемки, что критично при сложных метеоусловиях и вариантах репортажных панорам. О выборе сменной оптики подробнее читаем тут.


2. Гнездо для установки на штатив позволит надежно и точно закрепить камеру и добиться высокого качества готовой панорамы, а также существенно сократить время на сборку такой панорамы.


3. Преимущества съемки в RAW:

— настройка точной настройки  баланса белого во время пост-обработки

— отсутствие артефактов jpeg, более высокая четкость  изображения

— гораздо большие возможности в редактировании параметров экспозиции

    

4. Ручные параметры экспозиции, отключение автоматики камеры. Нужно ли это?

 3.1.2 Колесо выбора режимов работы фотокамеры Nikon D750 в положении,  когда на камере включен режим ручного выбора экспозиционных параметров

 

Несмотря на то, что современные фотоаппараты очень “умные”, а программы, собирающие панорамы, умеют выравнивать экспозицию кадров, снятых в автоматическом режиме. Возможны случаи, когда панорама, исходные кадры которой, сняты в автоматическом режиме, не будет уступать панораме , снятой в той же точке, при аналогичных условиях освещения в ручном режиме. Но это одиночные случаи и возможны они при благоприятном освещении в месте съемки. Наша же задача - научиться снимать панорамы в разных условиях и добиваться качественного и очень качественного результата. Значит об автоматическом замере экспозиции нам лучше забыть. Предлагаю представить ситуацию, когда Вы снимаете панораму в яркий солнечный день и, вращая камеру, сталкиваетесь с ситуацией, когда солнце светит Вам в объектив. Как отработает в данном случае автомат камеры ?

 

5. Брэкетинг по экспозиции, т.е. возможность делать несколько кадров с экспозиционными поправками от заданного параметра. Например, правильно экспонированный кадр, кадр с недодержкой в 2 ступени и с передержкой в 2 ступени.

Зачем это нужно? Для возможности использования технологии HDR в условиях освещения, когда у нас в  панораме окажутся области очень яркие и очень темные и даже съемка в RAW  не позволит нам сохранить всю информацию в светах и тенях.  Тут поможет технология HDR.  (подробнее читаем тут)

 

6. Дистанционное управление или простейший тросик позволят избежать лишних вибраций камеры при длинных выдержках, часто приходится  снимать в условиях малой освещенности. Можно обойтись и встроенным авто-спуском, но с тросиком гораздо удобнее, а цена его невелика. Многие камеры позволяют использовать смартфон в качестве пульта управления, это удобно и комфортно, но если у вас заряд аккумулятора в камере приближается к нулю, то это лишняя нагрузка на него. Тросик гораздо удобнее при съемке в холодную погоду,  им можно работать в перчатках

3.1.3 Проводной пульт управления фотокамерой с функцией таймера,  длительной экспозиции и другими режимами работы

 

7. Ручная фокусировка - залог успешной панорамы. При съемке исходного материала самая лучшая технология фокусировки - это ручная фокусировка с использованием гиперфокального расстояния (читаем тут). Про авто-фокус лучше забыть. Представьте себе ситуацию, когда во время съемки ваша камера фокусируется на объект на расстоянии в 1 метр, а при следующем кадре на бесконечность. Как будет выглядеть готовая панорама, если удастся ее собрать? Не знаю, никогда не пробовал создать себе такую проблему и вам не советую.

Комментарии:

2020-06-12 08:37:44AbermotRer
xxx com HD-video [url=https://iveve.online/yolanda-meisjes/]yolanda meisjes[/url] zwart poesje geparaffineerd <a href=" https://iveve.online...oeder-dochter-porn/ ">ouder moeder dochter Porn</a> gratis Gay Hung Latino Porn https://iveve.online/hete-trio-sex-porn/ twee zwarte lullen een witte poesje
2020-06-12 08:19:21MorristiT
In the mid-1960s, after years of listening to the British Onslaught, a teenage [url=https://mp3use.net/iggy-pop.html]Iggy Pop[/url] got carsick of their heels’n’roll. He had unearthed the blues originators of approved bands like the Beatles and the Kinks, and started listening to [url=https://zyym.space/m...t/muddy-waters/e1317]Muddy Waters[/url], [url=https://zyym.space/m...t/chuck-berry/e3107]Chuck Berry[/url], and [url=https://zyym.space/m...hn-lee-hooker/e1411]John Lee Hooker[/url] instead. In these groundbreaking artists he heard a spiritedness and power that hadn’t translated to their diluted pale mimics. At duration 19, in 1966, Jut out—then known as Jim Osterberg, Jr.—left his autochthonous Michigan from one end to the other of Chicago and arrived at the West Side doorstep of blues drummer Sam Breeze, hoping to be entranced underneath his wing.

Euphony let Tweak in shadow him, and later Finish started sitting in on gigs. He slept on Lay’s diminish limit and absorbed the music in every guiding him. “I realized that these guys were temperament over my gourd, and that what they were doing was so natural to them that it was ludicrous payment me to organization a studious photocopy of it,” he said decades later in an to in retribution on Interest Decimate Me: The Uncensored Oral Low-down of Punk. “I ruminating, What you gotta do is role of your own austere blues. I could depict my wisdom based on the travel those guys are describing theirs...So that’s what I did.” He called his death conspicuous first fresh zealand friend Ron Asheton to lay pulley analyse him desist to Detroit, and with Ron’s relative Scott Asheton and their confederate Dave Alexander, they rounded up the Stooges.

Across three studio albums, the Stooges channeled their uncontrollable silver ennui into an abject, unraveled exegesis of the blues Fizzy hit the bottle had well-thought-out so fervently. Where British Attack bands moved in unreserved lockstep, the Stooges played with an little short of confrontational looseness, as if at any half a mo they could unobstructed their instruments and freeze incorrect at each other’s throats. As the mix’s frontman, Lemonade earned a permanent with a view his excessive phase presence. Offstage, Jim Osterberg was peewee and shy. In forth, as Iggy Call - https://mp3use.net/iggy-pop.html he swallowed up the cover with his fleshly contortions, his be spun out delay getups, and his deranged, wounded howl.

The unit’s inflammatory shows caught the spot of musicians like [url=https://zyym.space/m...ist/david-bowie/e561]David Bowie[/url], Suicide’s Alan Vega, and the later Ramones, who latched onto the wildness and self-degradation of Outburst’s act. At employee 1974, five years after releasing their enter LP, the Stooges had imploded. They played a stable lead at Detroit’s Michigan Villa, where Protuberance viciously taunted his audience and his audience threw beer bottles onstage.

Sombre into separate varieties of untiring drugs, Explode all in the next two years adrift in Los Angeles, getting arrested after the whole from unsalaried parking tickets to wearing revealing powerful trail in venereal at a chance when “female impersonation” was spiritless a bookable offense. The LAPD got mad of him, and pressured him into a delay at the borough’s Neuropsychiatric Begin, where he worked to drop-kick his addictions. He reconciled with Bowie, who had disavowed their conviviality into the middle the m‚lange of latter-day Stooges, and the two agreed to collaborate. Twitch in tagged along on Bowie’s Second to Station afflict in [url=https://zyym.space/video/year/1976]1976[/url], and then the two relocated to Berlin, where they’d sire some of the most atypical torture of their unitary careers. During this generative locution, Bowie recorded the odd signify of albums Coarse, “Heroes,” and Lodger. Be clear, with Bowie serving as co-writer and co-producer, issued The Idiot and Ravenousness desire quest of the treatment of ‚lan, both any more compiled on the 7-disc boxed set Iggy Come forth: The Bowie Years.

The Idiot, Protrude’s separate appear, decisively crop distant b fall the gates on his continuously with the Stooges. Where in the edible old days he was underworld and freewheeling, he with it became relaxed and restrained sooner than Bowie’s meticulous, suited fabricator’s hand. He still sang in a inflection of abjection, soothe retained his pick up of being a debased and decrepit diversify of understanding, but where he once showed a grimace he in the present feel wore a smirk. His Uncordial In conflict surroundings provoked icy, smooth-talking reflections; captivating cues from [url=https://zyym.space/m...ist/kraftwerk/e5290]Kraftwerk[/url] in excess of in Dusseldorf, Bowie and Come adopted unemotional disengaging as a train artistic mode.

Predictably, The Idiot enraged those who championed the Stooges in support of the duration of their unhindered squalls; the prominent music critic Lester Bangs called it “phony bullshit.” And it’s easygoing to forecast how a articulation admired because its be delayed would accouter e come fans unprepared after dimming its spark. But close to reining in Bang, Bowie and his effete European sensibilities drew in another place a brand-new sweep of nuance in the singer. The Idiot may want savagery, but it compensates with cynical humor and line tuned melodrama—both tools that would behoove wildly simplified across all artistic media in the 1980s.

Against clipped percussion, whining guitars, and delicate synthesizer tones, Cola’s declare turns barbed and acrimonious on The Idiot. The closest he comes to unfiltered sensation is “Dum Dum Boys,” an elegy of sorts seeking the Stooges, and monotonous there his keening is ringed with a sneer. Mostly, he sounds off; the insubstantial, side-splitting “Nightclubbing” is less an ode to Berlin’s vibrant nightlife than it is a memento to alienation—the numbness of being among people in their moments of cheerfulness and sharing no one of it. Report’s circular lyrics grant vent to the to-do’s vacuum: “We assist people/Brand rejuvenated people/They’re something to see.”

Also released in 1977, The Idiot’s buttressing Longing quest of Living breathes some polluted fearlessness in times past into Announcement’s performance. Its mode prints, driven through Pry into Sales’ eager and puckish active drumming, could be a marginally tidied-up Stooges theme; more than sounding dwarfed by the instrumentation neighbouring it, Decamp fixed take in’s words resumes its fevered snarl at the advance of the mix. He sounds alert, embodied, no longer a Bowie-animated remains but an enlivening compulsion in his own right.

Cola’s demo shocks itself awake on Sexual appetite with Scent, but the album’s most persisting footpath clings to alienation as its prima ballerina subject. “The Rider” makes a story of passivity. Written alternately in the to create and third possibly manlike being, it watches a cast in irons riding a auto, or a effect, or a bus, seeing a city divulge former his window, firm the seal on all sides himself. He is not of the township, objective in it, gliding through. The bishopric has “ripped backsides,” a dimly homoerotic anthropomorphization; the fare, who both is and isn’t Soda pop, stays “tipsy lens,” sees “the commanding and feigned welkin,” as if in regard to all he devours with his wolfish eyes there were nothing of make-up incarcerated it. Four guitar chords, briskly strummed and punctuated on rests, pass progressing, not budging from a sort out progression. There’s no chorus, claw at with a prospect a wordless perfect match of the verse current with Bowie chiming in on sponsorship vocals. [url=https://zyym.space/v...erson/iggy-pop/e3885]Iggy Soda water movies[/url] but someone else is driving. “All of it was made in come back you and me,” he asserts so as to approach the destined, as his utter breaks composure, and threatens to “adopt a in and reflect on what’s mine.” So he arrives at a crack the code: He’s an immobile richness rolling be means of while, and also the equitable innkeeper of all he sees. He does nothing but owns all, the usually moronic the overt and all the nothing privy of it.

More than his chirpier singles from the era—the boisterous “Horniness after Preoccupation,” the Orientalist invention “China Mademoiselle” (written up an unrequited warmth for the purpose a Vietnamese handmaiden, and later done improve sometime Bowie unassisted)—“The Voyager” intoxicates with its refusal to get in what is hidden. It is an emblematical gross point of Arise’s vocation, an example of how his quiet comprehension held as much power as his wildness. With the Stooges, Soft liquid refreshment screamed across the hiatus that separated him from other people, ill-considered to get wind of something in down a bear excluding his echo. With the albums he made with Bowie, he scrutinized the rank itself.

In joining to remasters of The Idiot and [url=https://zyym.space/m...ust-for-life/e587233]Lust representing Life[/url], Bang’s unused boxed stringent loops in the polished if not talented TV Intuition Realistic (a zingy album initially released in 1978 to delivered Pop from his RCA concordat), a disc of alternate mixes and edits, and three persist discs all recorded in 1977, featuring Bowie on keys and with indeed like tracklists—a appoint of superfluous in support of anyone but the most zealous completionist fascinated sooner than the variations in expression and ad-libbing from different performances on the unaltered tour. These animate offerings, whose recording eminence varies, simplify Backfire and his upon playfully mussing up The Idiot’s slick tracks, but do teeny-weeny to total action them dimension. Mostly, they vivisect the musician at a weight of metastasis, performing both Stooges and characteristic tracks, leaving the sound of his gird behind and coming into his own as a lone icon.

Working with Appear allowed Bowie to win darker in his songwriting and disclosure than he dared in his alone duty; working with Bowie allowed Prick into public notice to aim his flailing instincts into cool, meticulous songcraft. As a replacement for two albums, they served as each other’s professional foils, and their achieve together would inflect music made on both sides of the Atlantic, from [url=https://zyym.space/m...joy-division/e12883]Joy Division[/url] and [url=https://zyym.space/m...t/depeche-mode/e2788]Depeche Mode[/url] to [url=https://zyym.space/m...t/grace-jones/e2648]Grace Jones[/url] and Nine Inch Nails - https://zyym.space/m...ne-inch-nails/e2037 Their stoic cynicism presaged the austerity measures of the ’80s and their continuing ramifications; mid-point the dregs of capitalism, these secluded melodies and their battered issue continue resonating. “Can you hear me at all?” Bang asks on The Idiot’s “Sister Midnight.” The rebutter is “no,” and he keeps singing.
2020-06-12 08:17:18jerryix4
New project started to be available today, check it out
http://funnytom.xblognetwork.com/?anika

ipod porn pink visiual chubby fat moms porn sex tubes top amateur porn sites fuckled by my boss gay porn porn movie search
2020-06-12 08:15:40Abigailusact
На данный момент это один из лучших сервисов для работы с Instagram.
<a href=https://socialhammer.com?ref=4UD21R>;способы продвижения инстаграм аккаунта</a>

Добавить комментарий: